This document has been produced based on a secondary data matrix compiled by the Global Child Protection Area of Responsibility (CP AoR) using the Minimum Standards as an analysis framework. All data points are citations from the secondary data matrix which have been compared and interpreted, but not triangulated and verified.
The 2012 crisis in Mali triggered an immense humanitarian emergency. Even after progress in the implementation of the 2005 Peace Agreement in Algeria, the multidimensional nature of the crisis is worsening. The conditions of affected populations and the humanitarian situation are further exacerbated by the country’s exposures to recurrent natural disasters, including drought. In the Central and Northern regions where banditry, inter-communal conflicts, and the presence of armed groups already exists, the resurgence of communal violence in northern areas has prompted an increase of internal displacements, which intensified risks for children. As of February 2018, 49,771 people were internally displaced in Mopti, Gao, Menaka and Timbuktu (areas with the most people in need of assistance). 27 per cent of Malian people live in areas affected by conflict.
This review of secondary sources refers to information collected from 2016 to 2018. The data collected covers mostly the Northern and Central regions where there are the highest levels of violence and most people at risk, with considerable data from Timbuktu, Kidal, Gao, Mopti and Segou. These areas are not only heavily affected by conflict but also particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change.
The review outlines the different types of child protection risks children face in Mali, including physical violence, sexual violence, psychological distress and mental disorders, children associated with armed forces and armed groups, child labor, unaccompanied and migrant children, abduction and trafficking, justice for children, and more.