Adoption and Kafala

Adoption is the formal, permanent transfer of parental rights to a family other than a child’s own and the formal assumption by that family of all parenting duties for the child. Where a child’s parents are living and their parental rights have not been terminated, they must provide informed consent for adoption. In some countries it is not culturally acceptable to give the parental rights to a non-family member, and therefore alternative long-term care options must be pursued e.g. kinship care. In some Islamic countries, the term ‘Kafala’ in Islamic law is used to describe a situation similar to adoption, but without the severing of family ties, the transference of inheritance rights, or the change of the child’s family name.   


Displaying 1 - 10 of 542

Hege Stein Helland - Children and Youth Services Review,

This article studies how three groups of professional decision-makers – child welfare workers, experts on children and judges – exercise discretion in decisions on adoption from care in the Norwegian child welfare system.

R. Anthony, A. L. Paine, M. Westlake, E. Lowthian, K. H. Shelton - Child Abuse & Neglect,

The purpose of this study was to investigate sub-groups of adversity in a sample of adopted children in the UK and examine the association with later post-traumatic stress (PTS) symptoms.

Jennifer E Simpson, Gary Clapton - Adoption & Fostering,

This article charts the UK history of contact in fostering and adoption as it relates to looked after children and their birth relatives. It builds on a recent publication in this journal by one of the authors based on her research on the use of social media by children in care.

Kierra M. P. Sattler, Sarah A. Font - Child Maltreatment,

This study investigated rates of guardianship and adoption dissolution using a complete entry cohort from a large state foster care system and the associations between child characteristics and risk factors with dissolution.

Sangeetha Sriraam - Indian Law Review,

This paper is an analysis on the history of adoption in India and the machinery in place now.

Hayley Hahn, Johanna Caldwell, Vandna Sinha - International Indigenous Policy Journal,

The aim of this article is to contribute to ongoing discussions about the recently passed Canadian legislation, drawing on lessons learned in the United States context.

Peter Selman - Social Welfare in India and China,

This chapter compares and contrasts trends in international adoption in China and India over a period of 27 years from 1992 to 2018.

Dinara Babajanova - The American Journal of Social Science and Education Innovations,

This article discusses the issues of adoption, foster care and the appointment of guardians and trustees, as well as issues related to the upbringing of children deprived of parental care, innovations in family law and the placement of children deprived of parental care in Uzbekistan.

Christine Jones, Mandi MacDonald, Rebecca Brooks - University of Strathclyde,

This briefing paper reports key findings from a recent study of direct contact between adoptive families and birth relatives within the four nations of the UK.

Patricia Fronek & Karen Smith Rotabi - International Social Work,

This short report calls attention to heightened risks, and raises awareness, for practitioners in the fields of intercountry adoption and international surrogacy in light of the COVID-19 pandemic and asserts the need for caution.