Adoption and Kafala

Adoption is the formal, permanent transfer of parental rights to a family other than a child’s own and the formal assumption by that family of all parenting duties for the child. Where a child’s parents are living and their parental rights have not been terminated, they must provide informed consent for adoption. In some countries it is not culturally acceptable to give the parental rights to a non-family member, and therefore alternative long-term care options must be pursued e.g. kinship care. In some Islamic countries, the term ‘Kafala’ in Islamic law is used to describe a situation similar to adoption, but without the severing of family ties, the transference of inheritance rights, or the change of the child’s family name.   

 

Displaying 1 - 10 of 591

Transforming Children's Care Global Collaborative Platform, Child Identity,

This webinar, the fourth in a series from the Transforming Children's Care Global Collaborative Platform, explored the importance of protecting the child’s right to identity in how it is created, how it may be modified and/or falsified in alternative care as well as the need to preserve information about the child’s identity, notably family relations.

JaeRan Kim - Child Abuse & Neglect,

This study sought to understand how intercountry adoptees with adoption discontinuity histories experience legal, relational, and residential permanency losses through the framework of ambiguous loss and trauma.

Heather A. Yarger, Teresa Lind, K. Lee Raby, Lindsay Zajac, Allison Wallin - Child Maltreatment,

The current study assessed the efficacy of the Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-up intervention for reducing behavior problems in 122 children adopted internationally.

Nuria Molano, Esperanza León, Maite Román, Jesús M. Jiménez-Morago, Carmen Moreno - ,

In the present study, the authors explored the adult-child interactions that took place in 116 families from Spain: 28 long-term non-kin foster families, 34 adoptive families, and a community comparison group made up of 54 families.

Ching-Hsuan Lin, Yu-Wen Chen, Chin-Wan Wang, Amy Conley Wright, Margaret Spencer, Sonja Van Wichelen - International Social Work,

This study explores issues on post-adoption services in intercountry adoptions based on the perspectives of adoption professionals from Taiwan and Australia.

Shelley A. Steenrod - Adoption Quarterly,

This paper explores how adoptive parents, with knowledge of exploitation in their own adoptions, are responding emotionally and pragmatically.

AIHW,

Adoptions Australia 2019–20, the 30th report in the series, covers the latest data on adoptions of Australia children and children from overseas, and highlights important trends in the number of adoptions dating back to 1995–96.

Austin J. Blake, Matthew Ruderman, Jill M. Waterman, Audra K. Langley - Child Abuse & Neglect,

The current study aimed to examine effects of pre-adoptive risk on long-term functioning in children adopted from foster care.

Austin J. Blake, Matthew Ruderman, Jill M. Waterman, Audra K. Langley - Child Abuse & Neglect,

The current study aimed to examine effects of pre-adoptive risk on long-term functioning in children adopted from foster care.

Camelia Chowdhury - Adoption & Fostering,

This research focuses on Somalis living in a large English city where there is a significant shortage of Somali foster carers and adopters despite people of Somali heritage comprising a sizeable proportion of the care and city population.