Adoption and Kafala

Adoption is the formal, permanent transfer of parental rights to a family other than a child’s own and the formal assumption by that family of all parenting duties for the child. Where a child’s parents are living and their parental rights have not been terminated, they must provide informed consent for adoption. In some countries it is not culturally acceptable to give the parental rights to a non-family member, and therefore alternative long-term care options must be pursued e.g. kinship care. In some Islamic countries, the term ‘Kafala’ of Islamic law is used to describe a situation similar to adoption, but not necessarily with the severing of family ties, the transference of inheritance rights, or the change of the child’s family name.   


Displaying 1 - 10 of 511

Better Care Network,

This country care review includes the Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child.

Megan Smith, Lucía González‐Pasarín, María D. Salas, Isabel M. Bernedo - Child & Family Social Work,

This review aims to provide social workers with a resource to guide their decision‐making by evaluating both the benefits and risks associated with open adoption.

Nermeen Mouftah - Contemporary Islam,

This article explores contemporary Muslim Americans’ negotiations of Islamic law to find ethical ways to care for non-biological children within their household.

Bethany R Lee, Adeline Wyman Battalen, David M Brodzinsky, Abbie E Goldberg - Social Work Research,

The purpose of this study is to (a) identify whether there are meaningful subgroups of families with distinct post-adoption needs and (b) determine which parent, youth, and adoption characteristics are associated with these collections of needs.

Alessandra Fermani, Ramona Bongelli, Gonzalo Del Moral Arroyo, Alla Matuszak, Morena Muzi, Carlos A. Pereyra Cardini & Ilaria Riccioni - Revista Espacios,

This study presents the results of research carried out on adolescents and emerging adults adopted both in Italy and in Argentina. The main aim is to investigate the role and the associations of satisfaction with life, self-concept clarity, and parental attachment on educational identity.

Marta Casonato, Ana Muntean, Paola Molina - International Social Work,

This study examined the behavioral adjustment of 52 Romanian adolescents domestically adopted.

Kya Fawley-King, Emily V. Trask, John Ferrand, Gregory A. Aarons - Children and Youth Services Review,

The purpose of the present study was to examine differences in both internalized (e.g., worry and guilt) and externalized (e.g., anger and resentment) caregiver strain among biological, foster and adoptive caregivers, and assess the degree to which characteristics of the caregivers and the children in their care impact strain.

Better Care Network,

This Country Care Review includes the care-related concluding observations adopted by the Committee on the Rights of the Child and the Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, as well as other care-related concluding observations, ratification dates, and links to the Universal Periodic Review and Hague Intercountry Adoption Country Profile.

Mary V Seeman - International Journal of Social Psychiatry,

The aim of this review is to describe psychosis risk factors in adoptees, with a focus on difficulties with identity formation, identification with in-groups, attachment to parents, and coping with loss and with discrimination.

Elsbeth Neil, Marcello Morciano, Julie Young, and Louise Hartley - Developmental Child Welfare,

This study explored how child maltreatment, alongside a range of other variables, predicted adverse outcomes for children adopted from the foster care system in England.