Adoption and Kafala

Adoption is the formal, permanent transfer of parental rights to a family other than a child’s own and the formal assumption by that family of all parenting duties for the child. Where a child’s parents are living and their parental rights have not been terminated, they must provide informed consent for adoption. In some countries it is not culturally acceptable to give the parental rights to a non-family member, and therefore alternative long-term care options must be pursued e.g. kinship care. In some Islamic countries, the term ‘Kafala’ in Islamic law is used to describe a situation similar to adoption, but without the severing of family ties, the transference of inheritance rights, or the change of the child’s family name.   


Displaying 1 - 10 of 569

Shelley A. Steenrod - Adoption Quarterly,

Through interviews with adoptive parents, this study explores what and how adoption-related exploitation occurred in Ethiopia.

Association for Alternative Family Care of Children, in collaboration with the National Council for Children Services and Department of Children’s Services,

This booklet emphasizes the importance of family based care for the care of orphaned and vulnerable children (OVC) in Kenya, provides answers to regularly asked questions, and lists current government efforts to support OVC, including the policy and legal frameworks and existing forms of family and community-based care.

Mons Bissenbakker & Lene Myong - Ethnic and Racial Studies,

Based on analysis of legal documents on family reunification and educational material concerning transnational adoption in Denmark, this article suggests that the concept of attachment may be conceptualized as a specific operationalization of belonging, and that belonging and biopower may be viewed as intertwined (rather than opposites).

Wanru Xiong - Journal of Human Trafficking,

This article presents evidence of son preference in the child trafficking market for illegal adoption in China, where son preference is explicitly revealed by choice and quantified by the price premium of a boy.

K. Lee Raby, Kristin Bernard, M. Kathleen Gordon and Mary Dozier - Development and Psychopathology,

The current study used a randomized controlled trial to assess whether Attachment and Biobehavioral Catch-Up (ABC) improved the diurnal functioning of the hypothalamic–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis among 85 children who had been adopted internationally when they were between the ages of 4 and 33 months

Sebastien Monette, Chantal Cyr, Miguel M. Terradas, Sophie Couture, Helen Minnis, Stine Lehmann - Assessment,

This study sought to validate the Early TRAuma-related Disorders Questionnaire (ETRADQ), a caregiver report which was developed to assess attachment disorders in school-age children based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders–Fifth edition criteria.

Montserrat Fargas-Malet and Dominic McSherry - Journal of Family Issues,

In this article, the authors describe young people’s emotional responses to birth family, and highlight implications for theory, research, and practice.

Alanna Feltner, Angelique Day, Lori Vanderwill, Emma Fontaine, Sue Cohick - Children and Youth Services Review,

The Critical On-going Resource Family Education (CORE) Teen is a comprehensive foster parent training program designed to provide resource parents with the knowledge and skills to support teens in their care. This study examined results from trainings conducted across four states and one tribal nation in the U.S.

Saul Hillman, Jill Hodges, Miriam Steele, Antonella Cirasola, Kay Asquith, Jeanne Kaniuk - Adoption & Fostering,

This study assesses the internal representations of three groups of children, as measured by the Story Stem Assessment Profile (SSAP). These were: (1) a maltreated, late-adopted (MLA); (2) a non-maltreated, early-adopted (EA) sample; and (3) a non-maltreated community sample (COMM).

Ashley L. Landers, Sharon M. Danes, Avery R. Campbell, Sandy White Hawk - Child Abuse & Neglect,

This study examined the recurrent maltreatment of American Indian children in foster and adoptive homes, specifically the physical, emotional, sexual, and spiritual abuse subtypes, as well as poly-victimization of American Indian children in comparison to their White peers.