Adoption and Kafala

Adoption is the formal, permanent transfer of parental rights to a family other than a child’s own and the formal assumption by that family of all parenting duties for the child. Where a child’s parents are living and their parental rights have not been terminated, they must provide informed consent for adoption. In some countries it is not culturally acceptable to give the parental rights to a non-family member, and therefore alternative long-term care options must be pursued e.g. kinship care. In some Islamic countries, the term ‘Kafala’ of Islamic law is used to describe a situation similar to adoption, but not necessarily with the severing of family ties, the transference of inheritance rights, or the change of the child’s family name.   


Displaying 1 - 10 of 522

Tahl I. Frenkel, Bonny Donzella, Kristin A. Frenn, Sofie Rousseau, Nathan A. Fox & Megan R. Gunnar - Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology,

The present study examined the protective effect of the error-related-negativity (ERN) in a sample of children who experienced at least 3-years of stable, relatively enriched caregiving after being internationally-adopted as infants/toddlers from institutional-care.

Alison C. Koenka, Eric M. Anderman, Lynley H. Anderman, Sungjun Won - Learning and Individual Differences,

This study explored (1) the role of ethnic identity in predicting internationally adopted adolescents' expectancies for success and task values and (2) the extent to which school belonging mediated these relations.

Sandro Pitthan Espindola, Marcos Besserman Viana, Maria Helena Barros de Oliveira - SAÚDE DEBATE ,

The purpose of this article is to discuss whether adoption, in the form in which it is systematized in Brazil, by the National Adoption Register, may be the solution to the serious problem of child and adolescent in risky situations of care, especially those living in the state of Rio de Janeiro.

Lori A. Vanderwill, Amy M. Salazar, Garrett Jenkins, Jessica De Larwelle, Amanda K. McMahon, Angelique Day, and Kevin Haggerty - Journal of Public Child Welfare,

This study is a systematic review of the scholarly literature to better understand caregiver-related factors (e.g., characteristics, proficiencies) that contribute to permanency and placement stability, in order to provide a stronger foundation for developing and improving caregiver recruitment and training procedures.

Chloë Finet, Theodore E. A. Waters, Harriet J. Vermeer, Marinus H. Van IJzendoorn, Marian J. Bakermans-Kranenburg, Guy Bosmans - Attachment & Human Development,

The current study examined the attachment development of 92 internationally adopted Chinese girls, focusing on the influence of type of pre-adoption care (institutional versus foster care) and sensitive adoptive parenting.

Amy M. Salazar - Children and Youth Services Review,

This study summarizes findings from caregiver usability tests, and provides a wide variety of caregiver-generated suggestions for improving foster and adoptive caregiver training curricula that are applicable to all caregiver training efforts.

Kristina M. Scharp & Lindsey J. Thomas - Journal of Social and Personal Relationships,

Framed by relational dialectics theory, a contrapuntal analysis of 104 photolistings examined the discursive tensions of what it means to be an “adoptable” child.

Valérie Losier, Chantal Cyra, Karine Dubois-Comtois - Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology,

This study examined parent-child relationship variables (child attachment, parental sensitivity, and prior parenting experience) and child behavior problems in parents and their international adopted children with and without a cleft lip and palate.

Mary Ann Davis - International Handbook on the Demography of Marriage and the Family,

This chapter focuses on the U.S. as the nation with the largest number of adoptions. Although adoptions represent a small portion of family growth, from a demographer’s point of view they are worth investigating.

Better Care Network,

This country care review includes the Concluding Observations of the Committee on the Rights of the Child.