Permanency Planning

Permanency planning is the process of assessing and preparing a child for long term care when in out-of-home placements such as kinship, foster care or institutions. A care plan must centre on what is in the child’s best interests, and therefore requires an ongoing assessment of the child and her needs. A guardian may be appointed as a further protection of a child’s rights. 

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Barbara Ball, Lalaine Sevillano, Monica Faulkner, Tymothy Belseth - Children and Youth Services Review,

This study uses grounded theory methods to generate a deeper understanding of the experiences that help youth achieve relational permanency, regardless of whether they emancipate from care or are adopted.


This report provides an insight into the Permanence and Care Excellence (‘PACE’) programme – a Quality Improvement programme underway from 2014-2020 which engaged with local authority partnerships in 27 of the 32 Scottish local authority areas. The programme was aimed at supporting local authority partnerships across Scotland to reduce permanence planning timescales for looked after infants, children and young people using a Quality Improvement framework.

William Coman, Lynda McGill, Michelle Rainey - Adoption & Fostering,

This article summarises the Narrative Model and shows how it supports placement stability for children.

Katherine H Shelton, Coralie Merchant, Jane Lynch - Adoption & Fostering,

This article describes a major development in child care practice in Wales that has occurred over the past two years. The Adopting Together Service (ATS) involves a unique, innovative and multi-layered collaboration between the voluntary adoption agencies (VAAs – non-governmental charities) and regional adoption teams (statutory agencies) to secure permanence for children who wait the longest to find families.

Miracle Foundation,

This guidance from Miracle Foundation outlines case management process and tools aimed at children in Child Care Institutions (CCIs) in India who have been placed with their families during the COVID-19 pandemic. The purpose of these case management processes and tools is to determine feasibility of permanent placement and expedite family-based care in families in which children were placed quickly and without proper preparation during COVID-19 lockdown.

Ruth M.Chambers, et al - Children and Youth Services Review,

This qualitative research study examined foster care alumni’s advice for youth in care, caregivers, and child welfare caseworkers on how to best handle placements moves.

Allison Vreeland, et al - Child Abuse & Neglect,

The objective of this study was to examine the utility of child protective services data in identifying predictors of placement disruption.

Becky F. Antle, Anita P. Barbee, Bibhuti K. Sar, Dana J. Sullivan, Kirsten Tarter - Families in Society: The Journal of Contemporary Social Services,

This research examined the impact of individual and relational characteristics of foster parents on permanency outcomes for children in care.

Cynthia Osborne, Hilary Warner-Doe, McKenna LeClear, Holly Sexton - Child Maltreatment,

The present study is the largest and most rigorous study to date on the effects of being appointed a Court Appointed Special Advocate (CASA) on permanency outcomes of children in foster care.

Better Care Network,

This video shares insights from the Angkor Hospital for Children social work unit’s key learning around what leads to abandonment, how to work with families to identify and solve underlying issues, how to engage and communicate with families and how to identify risk indicators for abandonment.