Teachers themselves can help identify instances of abuse and neglect, and refer families to services that can help prevent family separation. Such awareness raising activities should also complement wider community work projects, in order to maximise their impact.
The type of curriculum and provision should be determined according to the cultural norms, needs of the children, and the available resources. These may vary considerably; for example children who support others and are required to work will need flexible hours for classes or vocational training, while those in a conflict affected area may require full-time education with an emphasis on psychosocial activities.
The literature in this section includes basic education and vocational programmes for children in low resource settings.