Child Exploitation

Child trafficking is a form of child abuse. It is the exploitation of children for economic or sexual purposes, and includes the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring, or receipt of a child for exploitation. Children may be sold, illegally adopted, forced into early marriage, recruited into the armed forces, pushed into prostitution, or trafficked to work in mines, factories, or homes. In such environments they are exposed to extreme forms of abuse and are denied access to basic services and the meeting of their fundamental human rights. Trafficked children often lack basic legal status and support networks, making their condition virtually "invisible." 

Displaying 1 - 10 of 346

World Health Organization,

This global report describes the process used to determine the priorities for research on the intersections between violence against children and violence against women, and the top 10 research questions identified.

Tatiana Ndjatou, Yuqing Qiu, Linda M. Gerber, Jane Chang,

The purpose of this U.S.-based study was to compare adolescent and caregiver reports of adolescent adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and their relationship with current adolescent depression and to analyze the relationship between ACEs and depression.

Nguyen Van Bao, Yoon Cheong Cho,

While the determinants of child marriage among females have been well-documented, there is a lack of research on the determinants of child marriage among males. This study aims to bridge the gap in the literature to investigate the determinants of child marriage among males and females in Vietnam.

Rebecca Nhep, Sarah Deck, Kate van Doore, Martine Powell,

Although orphanage trafficking can be prosecuted under legal frameworks in some jurisdictions, including Cambodia, there have been limited prosecutions to date. One factor that likely contributes to a lack of prosecution is poor detection, yet the indicators of orphanage trafficking have not been considered by extant research. The current study was conducted as a first step towards providing evidence-based indicators of orphanage trafficking.

African Charter on the Rights & Welfare of the Child (ACERWC),

Muluka Anne Mitti-Drummond, UN Independent Expert on the Enjoyment of Rights of Persons living with Albinism highlights how the conversation on the enjoyment of rights of children with albinism will advance the advocacy on this topic.

Terre des hommes Lausanne Foundation (MENA Region), Kings College London,

This guidance aims to tailor existing case management standards and guidance to include specific elements that are relevant to child marriage cases; using the voices of Syrian refugee girls from the Terre des hommes-Lausanne Foundation (Tdh) and King’s College London (KCL) research in Lebanon and Jordan to support Child Protection and Gender-Based Violence case management staff in their case management work on the issue of child marriage.

Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe,

This short paper provides an overview of the existing links between disability and trafficking in human beings, how persons living with disability are affected by trafficking, and to what extent legal standards, policy frameworks, and anti-trafficking measures integrate concerns associated with disabilities.

Nicola Fox, Caroline Miles, Réka Solymosi, Eon Kim, Riza Batista-Navarro,

This study examined 18 months of published Child Safeguarding Practice Reviews across England to identify the intersecting characteristics, vulnerabilities, harm types, indicators and issues with formal guardianship (safeguarding by carers, schools, local authorities, police and health professionals). Results revealed that children were missing, vulnerable, harmed and showed indicators of exploitation in numerous and intersecting ways.


This report provides an updated data-driven assessment of female genital mutilation (FGM) around the world. It narrates through numbers the stories of millions of girls and women who have survived the practice and the millions more who remain at risk.

Sivan Balslev,

This article uses the lens of childhood history to shed light on some of the intricacies of the attempts to regulate child labor in Iran and to analyze Western observers’ views on this issue.