Effects of Institutional Care

Institutionalising children has been shown to cause a wide range of problems for their development, well-being and longer-term outcomes. Institutional care does not adequately provide the level of positive individual attention from consistent caregivers which is essential for the successful emotional, physical, mental, and social development of children. This is profoundly relevant for children under 3 years of age for whom institutional care has been shown to be especially damaging. 

Displaying 1 - 10 of 569

Megan M. Julian, Junlei Li, Annie Wright, Pamela A. Jimenez-Etcheverria - Children’s Social Worlds in Cultural Context,

In this article, institutions in Russia, China, Ghana, and Chile are described with reference to the circumstances that lead to children’s institutionalization, resident children’s social-emotional relationships, and unique characteristics of each country’s institutional care (e.g., volunteer tourism in Ghana, and shifting demographics of institutionalized children in China).

Anna W. Wright, Simron Richard, David W. Sosnowski, Wendy Kliewer - Journal of Child and Family Studies,

The goal of this paper was to review and critique the literature examining predictors of better-than-expected adjustment of children who have experienced institutional care.

AlvaTang, Nathan A. Fox, Charles A. Nelson, Charles H. Zeanah, Natalie Slopen - Psychoneuroendocrinology,

This paper examines associations between internalizing and externalizing psychopathology and inflammation in adolescents with a history of severe psychosocial deprivation and children reared in typical family contexts. The paper presents findings from the Bucharest Early Intervention Project, a longitudinal randomized trial of high-quality foster care as an alternative to institutional care.

J. C. Makhubele, A. T. Mukushi, V. Mabvurira, F. K. Matlakala - Southern African Journal of Social Work and Social Development,

This study sought to examine the psychosocial challenges facing children in residential childcare facilities in the Mashonaland Central province, Zimbabwe.

Mark Wade, Charles H. Zeanah, Nathan A. Fox, and Charles A. Nelson - Psychological Medicine,

This study examined whether global deficits in executive functioning (EF) mediate the association between severe childhood neglect and general v. specific psychopathology in adolescence. The sample consisted of 188 children from the Bucharest Early Intervention Project, a longitudinal study examining the brain and behavioral development of children reared in Romanian institutions and a comparison group of never-institutionalized children.

Carrie E. DePasquale & Megan R. Gunnar - Developmental Psychobiology,

This study sought to understand how post‐institutionalized children interact with unfamiliar peers and the factors that predict the quality of these interactions in order to shed light on the processes contributing to the persistent, often increasing social deficits seen in post‐institutionalized children.

Carlina Black, Margarita Frederico, Muriel Bamblett - The British Journal of Social Work,

This open access article details a culturally informed approach by sharing the findings of a Cultural Healing Program (CHP) designed, developed and delivered by an Aboriginal Community Controlled Organisation. The program was for Aboriginal survivors of institutional child sexual abuse who had also experienced cultural abuse having been forcibly removed from their families as children and in the process disconnected from their communities, culture and land.

U.S. State Department,

The U.S. State Department Trafficking in Persons Report sheds light on the practices of modern slavery around the world and highlights specific steps governments can take to protect victims of human trafficking, prevent trafficking crimes, and prosecute traffickers in the United States and around the world. The report includes several references to the links between orphanages and trafficking in relation to Nepal, Nigeria, Cambodia, Haiti, Sri Lanka, Moldova, and other countries.

Epaphrodite Nsabimana, Eugène Rutembesa, Peter Wilhelm, Chantal Martin Soelch - Frontiers in Psychiatry,

This study aimed at investigating specifically whether institutionalization impacts negatively children’s psychological adjustment defined in terms of externalizing behavior, internalizing behavior and self-esteem and whether having living parents has additional influence. Ninety-five institutionalized and 82 not institutionalized children in Rwanda, aged 9 to 16, participated in the study.

Regina Gairal-Casadó, Carme Garcia-Yeste, Maria Teresa Novo-Molinero, Zoel Salvadó-Belarta - Children and Youth Services Review,

This study analyzed how the implementation of the strategy of extending learning time in a group of adolescents living in residential care contributed to promoting their scientific vocations and increasing their academic expectations and their knowledge of these disciplines.