Children Affected by Poverty and Social Exclusion

Around the world, poverty and social exclusion are driving factors behind the placement of children into alternative care.  Families give up their children because they are too poor to care for them, or they feel that it is the best way to help them to access basic services such as education and health care. Discrimination and cultural taboos mean that girls, children with disabilities, ethnic minorities, children with HIV/AIDS and children born out of wedlock, make up a disproportionate number of children abandoned into alternative care.

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Alexandra Citrin, Siri Anderson, Valery Martínez, Ngozi Lawal, and Shadi Houshyar - Center for the Study of Social Policy,

This report offers a blueprint for creating equity-centered, anti-racist policies that support the health and well-being of children and families of color.

Alan J. Dettlaff, Reiko Boyd - The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science,

This article summarizes the causes of racial disproportionality, arguing that internal and external causes of disproportional involvement originate from a common underlying factor: structural and institutional racism that is both within child welfare systems and part of society at large.

Tricia N. Stephens - Genealogy,

This commentary challenges the stereotypes created by hyper-attention to the struggles of child welfare-affected parents of color (CW-PaoC) and situates them, and their families, within the broader context of the American appetite for family separation, wherein specific types of families are targeted for scrutiny, intervention and regulation.

Marjorie Murray, Daniela Tapia - Critical Social Policy,

This article explores this workshop in terms of its relationship with the daily lives of participants, based on one year of fieldwork focused on families with young children in a low-income neighbourhood in Santiago.

Michele D. Hanna - Racial Disproportionality and Disparities in the Child Welfare System,

This chapter from Racial Disproportionality and Disparities in the Child Welfare System focuses on the macro level exploring the child welfare system as an explanatory factor using a critical race theory lens.

Dorothy Roberts - Racial Disproportionality and Disparities in the Child Welfare System,

The overrepresentation of black children in the foster care population represents massive state supervision and dissolution of families concentrated in their neighborhoods. This chapter from Racial Disproportionality and Disparities in the Child Welfare System addresses the social impact of this concentration of child welfare agency involvement on the residents who live in these neighborhoods.

Jessica Pryce and Anna Yelick - Racial Disproportionality and Disparities in the Child Welfare System,

This chapter from Racial Disproportionality and Disparities in the Child Welfare System explores the factors contributing to the disproportionate number of Black children and families in the U.S. child welfare system.


Eurochild, in partnership with its national members hosted a webinar series to bring a children’s rights perspective to Europe’s recovery. Questions addressed: What is an ‘economy of well-being’ & why & how does it prioritise children? Why is tackling child poverty a pre-requisite to sustainably exit the crisis? Why and how does protecting children’s rights strengthen our democracies?

Faisa Mohamud, Travonne Edwards, Kofi Antwi-Boasiako, Kineesha William, Jason King, Elo Igor, Bryn King - Children and Youth Services Review,

This paper documents the alignment between the circumstances created by anti-Black racism at institutional, provincial, and federal levels and the seemingly race-neutral eligibility criteria embedded within Ontario child welfare, which results in disproportionate reporting of Black families.


This webinar was part of Eurochild’s breakfast webinars to mark World Children’s Day 2020. The webinar looked at how the European Child Guarantee initiative can help address the growing challenge of child poverty, particularly the deepened economic divides that have resulted from the COVID-19 pandemic, and brought the perspective of the Spanish government, which has made the fight against child poverty a particular priority.