Children Affected by Poverty and Social Exclusion

Around the world, poverty and social exclusion are driving factors behind the placement of children into alternative care.  Families give up their children because they are too poor to care for them, or they feel that it is the best way to help them to access basic services such as education and health care. Discrimination and cultural taboos mean that girls, children with disabilities, ethnic minorities, children with HIV/AIDS and children born out of wedlock, make up a disproportionate number of children abandoned into alternative care.

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Spotlight: Child Welfare is a collaborative journalism project that aims to deepen and improve reporting on B.C.’s child-welfare system.

The Office of the Child and Youth Advocate,

This review was initiated by a formal request from Nunatsiavut Government to investigate Inuit children’s experiences in the child protection system in Canada.

Mokoene Ziphora Kearabetswe & Khunou Grace - Critical Social Policy,

Through a thematic content analysis of qualitative interviews with members of migrants’ families, this article illustrates that in the context of internal labour migration, family responsibilities shift in ways that make unemployed grandmothers in South Africa who do not receive the Old Age Grant vulnerable.

Leonie Segal, et al - Child Abuse & Neglect,

The aim of this study was to describe lifetime involvement in child protection system (CPS) in South Australia, by type of contact.

Stephanie Gilbert - AlterNative: An International Journal of Indigenous Peoples,

This article describes how the disconnect experienced by Aboriginal children removed from their families and communities in Australia is understood as a dysphoria holding both body-focused aspects and cultural aspects.

Carlina Black, Margarita Frederico, Muriel Bamblett - The British Journal of Social Work,

This open access article details a culturally informed approach by sharing the findings of a Cultural Healing Program (CHP) designed, developed and delivered by an Aboriginal Community Controlled Organisation. The program was for Aboriginal survivors of institutional child sexual abuse who had also experienced cultural abuse having been forcibly removed from their families as children and in the process disconnected from their communities, culture and land.

Rong Bai, Cyleste Collins, Robert Fischer, David Crampton - Children and Youth Services Review,

This study explores facilitators of and barriers to effective collaboration between workers at partner organizations working on a program focused on the reunification of housing-unstable families with their children in out-of-home placement in the US.

Anna E. Austin, Nisha C. Gottfredson, Adam J. Zolotor, Carolyn T. Halpern, Stephen W. Marshall, Rebecca B. Naumann, Meghan E. Shanahan - Child Abuse & Neglect,

This study aimed to identify longitudinal trajectory classes of child protective services (CPS) contact among Alaska Native/American Indian (AN/AI) and non-Native children and examine preconception and prenatal risk factors associated with identified classes.

Emily Keddell, Gabrielle Davie, Dave Barson - Children and Youth Services Review,

This article reports on a study of the relationships between child protection system contact and small area-level deprivation in New Zealand. The study found that, compared to children living in the least deprived quintile of small areas, children in the most deprived quintile had, on average, 13 times the rate of substantiation, 18 times the rate of a family group conference, and 6 times their chance of placement in foster care. Findings suggest that action is needed to address the causes of deprivation, provide services that respond to families living in poverty, and undertake further research to examine the interactions between demand and supply of services across deprivation levels.

Annie E. Casey Foundation,

This Data Book from the Annie E. Casey Foundation explores how the child population, and childhood experience, of the US has changed since 1990. It also presents national and state data on 16 indicators of child well-being across four domains — health, education, family and community and economic well-being.