Children and Migration

Millions of children around the world are affected by migration.  This includes girls and boys who migrate within and between countries (usually with their families but sometimes on their own), as well as children ‘left behind’ when their parents or caregivers migrate in search of economic opportunities.  Be it forced or voluntary, by adults or children, migration affects children’s care situations and can entail risks to their protection.

Displaying 1 - 10 of 677

Saskia R. Vos, Aaron Clark‐Ginsberg, Sofia Puente‐Duran, et al - New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development,

This article synthesizes relevant theories and models of disaster, migration, and family resilience in order to create a framework in which to organize the complex processes that occur within families as a result of migration and that affect the mental health of children.


UNICEF’s new report, Building Bridges for Every Child: Reception, Care and Services to Support Unaccompanied Children in the United States, considers global discussions on adequate reception and care for unaccompanied migrant and asylum-seeking children. Following the journey of children traveling alone from northern Central America to the U.S. – entering, navigating and leaving the U.S. reception and care system and transitioning to community life – this report presents eight overarching recommendations for the realization of a better and more equitable system of care and support for every child.

Nikos Kourachanis - Journal of Immigrant & Refugee Studies,

This article examines the housing and social policies for URMs in Greece.

Justina Racaite, Jutta Lindert, Khatia Antia, Volker Winkler, Rita Sketerskiene, Marija Jakubauskiene, Linda Wulkau and Gene Šurkien - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health,

The aim of this study was to systematically review the literature on physical health and related consequences of internal and international parental migration on left-behind children (LBC).

Madhu Kharel, Shibanuma Akira, Junko Kiriya, Ken Ing Cherng Ong, Masamine Jimba - PLoS ONE,

A school-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 626 adolescents in two districts of Western Nepal to examine the association between parental international migration and the psychological well-being of left-behind adolescents.

Ruth Cheung Judge - Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies,

This paper explores Lagos private schools as crucial sites of care for children with parents in the diaspora.

Sushil Sharma, Bhimsen Devkota & Devaraj Acharya - Global Journal of Health Science,

This study explores the physical and emotional effects of parental migration on left-behind children in Nepal.

Wubin Xie, John Sandberg, Elanah Uretsky, Yuantao Hao & Cheng Huang - Population Research and Policy Review,

Using three waves of the China Family Panel Studies data collected in 2010, 2012 and 2014, the current study examines the association between parental migration and a number of early childhood development (ECD) outcomes.

Laura Tripa, Florin Alin Sava, Ramona Paloş, Silvia Măgurean & Irina Macsinga - Romanian Journal of Applied Psychology,

The purpose of this empirical study is to investigate the perceived difficulties and outcomes of young adults with a left behind background.


This brief article from UNICEF describes UNICEF's work with partners in Côte d’Ivoire to assist children on the move during the COVID-19 pandemic, "providing them with psychosocial support through counselling and drama therapy, as well as access to education, shelter, meals, clean water and sanitation facilities. UNICEF also works with partners to help reunite children on the move with their families."