Children and Migration

Millions of children around the world are affected by migration.  This includes girls and boys who migrate within and between countries (usually with their families but sometimes on their own), as well as children ‘left behind’ when their parents or caregivers migrate in search of economic opportunities.  Be it forced or voluntary, by adults or children, migration affects children’s care situations and can entail risks to their protection.

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Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) ,

he Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) has issued, in collaboration with the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR), a practical guide on how to protect family unity and reunification more effectively in human mobility and mixed movement contexts during the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic. This publication is part of a series of guides issued by the IACHR to address the impact of the pandemic on human rights. The guide makes recommendations to States, so they may protect family unity, prevent separation, and take any necessary measures to ensure the reunification of families who may have been separated in contexts associated with human mobility.

Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) ,

la Comisión Interamericana presenta la guía ¿Cómo hacer más
efectiva la protección a la unidad familiar y reunificar a la familia en los procedimientos migratorios y de protección en contexto de pandemia? en la que
se analizan los estándares interamericanos aplicables a la luz de las obligaciones
internacionales de los Estados y propone recomendaciones para garantizar la unidad
familiar y la reunificación familiar así como prevenir los riesgos de separación y minimizar los impactos en los casos de separación familiar. Asimismo, la implementación
de las garantías de la reunificación familiar requiere muchas veces de una estrategia idónea de acceso a mecanismos de regularización documental, así como de condiciones seguras de viaje y movilidad a través de las fronteras nacionales. Esto es especialmente benéfico para familias que se han visto separadas de manera forzada o por
razones asociadas a la movilidad humana.

Mengjuan Zhao, Ziqiang Zhu, Chenchen Kong & Chunshan Zhao - BMC Public Health,

The purpose of this study was to explore the level of caregiver burden and parenting stress and their relationship among left-behind elderly individuals.

Maura Daly, Mark Smith - International Journal of Social Pedagogy,

This article offers an account of the authors’ experiences as foster carers for an unaccompanied asylum seeker (and through him, supporting other asylum-seeking boys).

Usama EL-Awad, Atefeh Fathi, Mira Vasileva, Franz Petermann, Tilman Reinelt - International Journal of Intercultural Relations,

This study examined the mental health of Middle Eastern male unaccompanied refugee adolescents in Germany in relation to the mental health of accompanied refugee peers, first- and second-generation immigrant and native peers.

Rosa Aguilar - Seattle Journal for Social Justice,

This article argues that the U.S. Congress should make changes to extend protections under Special Immigrant Juvenile Status (SIJS). These implementations would give effect to the legislative intent behind SIJS, which is to protect the particularly vulnerable group of unaccompanied children and youth.

Ravinder Barn, Roberta Teresa Di Rosa and Theano Kallinikaki - Social Sciences,

Through an analysis of the impact of the pandemic on the Italian and Greek reception systems and social interventions with unaccompanied minors (UAMs), the authors of this study utilised a multiple embedded case study approach within a comparative analysis, to identify key changes in the main services which should be guaranteed to minors—namely, hosting/housing, guardianship, foster care, family/relatives reunification, school integration, language, job training for care leaving, and preparation for leaving care after 18 years.

Sita G. Patel, Vicky Bouche, William Martinez, Karla Barajas, Alex Garcia, Maya Sztainer, Kathleen Hawkins - New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development,

This study used community‐participatory qualitative methods to deeply explore the lived experiences and emotional repercussions of family separation and reunification.

Bussarawan Teerawichitchainan, Timothy Qing Ying Low B. - Social Science & Medicine,

Analyzing unique data from the 2017 Myanmar Grandparents Caring for Grandchildren Survey, this study examines the extent to which the middle generation's cross-border and internal migration are associated with caregiving intensity, perception towards grandchild care, and psychological well-being among grandparents.

The International Data Alliance for Children on the Move (IDAC),

This issue brief surveys the existing literature based on the limited available data to highlight areas of urgent concern for children on the move as they navigate life during the pandemic, examined through the lens of gender.