Foster Care

The term “foster care” is used in a variety of ways, and, consequently, it often causes confusion and miscommunication. In the industrialized world it is generally used to refer to formal, temporary placements made by the State with families that are trained, monitored and compensated at some level. In many developing countries, however, fostering is kinship care or other placement with a family, the objective(s) of which may include the care of the child, the child’s access to education, and/or the child’s doing some type of work for the foster family.

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UK Department for Education,

This statistical release provides national and local authority (LA) level information on the outcomes for children who have been looked after continuously for at least 12 months at 31 March 2019, by local authorities in England.

Peter Nelson, Catherine Homer, Richard Martin - Adoption & Fostering,

The study reported here was undertaken as part of a children’s health needs assessment in an English local authority. It sought to understand why looked after children experience such high levels of poor mental health and make growing demands on therapeutic services.


Using an ethnographic approach including interviews, walks, observation and photomap making, this article reports on the findings from a unique pilot study of the social and educational lives of young foster children (aged 0‒4) in an inner London borough.

Josephine Holland, Kapil Sayal, Alexandra Berry, Chelsea Sawyer, Pallab Majumder, Panos Vostanis, Marie Armstrong, Caroline Harroe, David Clarke, Ellen Townsend - Child and Adolescent Mental Health,

For this study, one hundred and twenty‐six 11–21 year olds (53 who had experience of the care system and 73 who did not) were recruited from the community and NHS. All participants had self‐harmed in the past 6 months. Participants completed an Audio Computer‐Assisted Self‐interview (ACASI) regarding their views about the support they had received, how helpful it was, and what further help they felt they needed.

Annie E. Casey Foundation,

This paper from the Annie E. Casey Foundation provides guidance for state child welfare agencies on what to consider when developing a preventive practice model that aligns with the requirements of Family First, addresses the unique needs of families within local communities and ensures that selected programs and practices are feasible to implement with quality.

Fred Wulczyn & Sara Feldman - Implementation Science 3.0,

In this chapter, the authors describe the scale-up and impact of a linked multilevel intervention in a public child welfare system.

Boonying Manaboriboon, Supinya In-iw, Sureelak Sutcharipongsa, Gornmigar Winijkul, Sujitra Kumpa, Chiraporn Somchit, Chulathida Chomchai - Children and Youth Services Review,

This study aimed to examine characteristic and outcome of mothers and babies focusing on the teen-mothers and their existing risk-behaviors, also to evaluate factors associated with subsequent foster care placements of their infants.

Lindsay Huffhines, Yo Jackson & Katie J. Stone - Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma,

The purpose of the present study was to examine how maltreatment chronicity and coping style were associated with internalizing, externalizing, and psychiatric hospitalizations, and whether coping style moderated the relation between maltreatment chronicity and mental health in a sample of foster adolescents.

Jason M. Armfield, Emmanuel Gnanamanickam, Ha T. Nguyen, James C. Doidge, Derek S. Brown, David B. Preen, Leonie Segal - Child Maltreatment,

The authors of this study used a retrospective cohort design with linked administrative data on 296,422 children to examine the relationship between school absenteeism and child protection system (CPS) involvement.

Ann-Katrin Job, Daniela Ehrenberg, Peter Hilpert, Vanessa Reindl, Arnold Lohaus, Kerstin Konrad, Nina Heinrichs - Journal of Interpersonal Violence,

The authors of this study conducted a randomized controlled trial to investigate the efficacy of a parent group training tailored to the special needs of foster families.