Community Based Care Mechanisms

The Guidelines for the Alternative Care for Children highlight the importance of providing children with care within family-type settings in their own communities.  This allows girls and boys to maintain ties with natural support networks such as relatives, friends and neighbours, and minimizes disruption to their education, cultural and social life.  Keeping children within their communities (ideally as close as possible to their original homes), also allows girls and boys to stay in touch with their families, and facilitates potential reintegration.

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Association for Alternative Family Care of Children, in collaboration with the National Council for Children Services and Department of Children’s Services,

This booklet emphasizes the importance of family based care for the care of orphaned and vulnerable children (OVC) in Kenya, provides answers to regularly asked questions, and lists current government efforts to support OVC, including the policy and legal frameworks and existing forms of family and community-based care.

Christian Alliance for Orphans (CAFO),

This document provides guidance on how to conduct a community mapping, a step in building a system to care for vulnerable children and families.

Better Care Network,

In this video, Grace Mwangi shares key lessons from her experience working in community-based social work with children and families at risk of separation in Kenya.

Ranjan Kanti Panda, Lopamudra Mullick, Subhadeep Adhikari, Neepa Basu, Archana Kumari - Institutionalised Children Explorations and Beyond,

This article reflects different programmes and resource components that may be promoted to keep children with either their own family or within alternative family care, satisfying the rights of their overall development.

Ghazal Keshavarzian & Joel Borgström - Institutionalised Children Explorations and Beyond,

This article will make a case for investing in families and communities rather than orphanages by putting a spotlight on ECFG member investments in Asia.

Ringson, John and Chereni, Admire - African Journal of Social Work,

This paper examines the efficacy of extended family system in OVC care and support in the Gutu District of Zimbabwe.

Barbara Kail, Manoj Pardasani, Robert Chazin - International Social Work,

This article describes the impact on social services of an innovative model of family care in Moshi, Tanzania, aimed at orphaned children and youth who are affected by HIV/AIDS and their caregivers.

Jill Brown, Abril Rangel-Pacheco, Olivia Kennedy, Ndumba Kamwanyah - Parents and Caregivers Across Cultures,

This chapter examines the cultural logic of child care in Africa, focusing on one variation of fosterage, okutekula, among the Ova-ambo in Northern Namibia.

European Expert Group on the transition from institutional to community-based care with Hope and Homes for Children,

The purpose of this checklist from the European Expert Group on the transition from institutional to community-based care, with Hope and Homes for Children, is to ensure EU funds in the 2021-2027 programming period contribute to independent living and inclusion in the community, including by supporting desk officers to check the consistency of the measures to transition from institutional to family-based and community-based services for children and the prevention of institutionalisation and separation of children, including with disabilities, from their families.

Racheal Mafumbate - Information and Knowledge Management,

This paper reviews related literature on the African extended family system and how it caters for orphans in their communities.