Kinship Care

Kinship care is the full-time care of a child by a relative or another member of the extended family. This type of arrangement is the most common form of out of home care throughout the world and is typically arranged without formal legal proceedings. In many developing countries, it is essentially the only form of alternative family care available on a significant scale.


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Barbara Blundell, Christina Fernandes, Rebecca Moran,

The goal of this research was to map and identify service and social policy needs, gaps, barriers, and enablers for Western Australian custodial grandparent carers.

Child Trends,

A comprehensive survey of kinship care policies identifies increasing efforts by states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico to promote kinship care and support kinship caregivers of children and youth who are known to the child welfare system.

The survey results presented in this report highlight increasing efforts by states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico to promote kinship care and support the caregivers of children who are known to the child welfare system. At the same time, the report calls on states to do more to help willing kin caregivers access and benefit from foster care licensing. 

UNICEF, Changing the Way We Care,

In this case study, the authors explore how the government of Zimbabwe and local civil society organisations (CSOs) are working together to maximise the benefits and minimise the risks of kinship care. The case study is based on interviews with 12 individuals which included policy makers, practitioners, kinship carers and children in kinship care. 

Wenjing Shao, Fei Sun, Gretchen Sheneman, Michele Brock,

The purpose of this U.S.-based study was to examine two intervening variables, self-care and formal support that affect the relationship between children with behavioural issues and caregiver depression.

Badr Ratnakaran MBBS, Antoinette Valenti Shappell FAPA, Kiran Khalid MBBS,

This report outlines the various trends and reasons for the rise of grandparents involved in caring for grandchildren in the U.S. It also describes the different types of households involving grandparents and grandchildren, including grandfamilies, skipped-generation, and three-generation families, and summarize various theories of grandparent stress including role strain theory and social exchange theory.

Rob Trubey, Rhiannon Evans, Sarah McDonald, Jane Noyes, Mike Robling, Simone Willis, Maria Boffey, Charlotte Wooders, Soo Vinnicombe, G. J. Melendez-Torres,

The purpose of this CHIMES review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions evaluated via randomized controlled trials (RCTs) for improving mental health and wellbeing outcomes for care experienced children and young people.

Family for Every Child,

Family for Every Child launched its global inter-agency guidance on supporting kinship care aimed at policy makers and programme managers during this webinar on 1 February 2024.

Tyreasa Washington, Mathieu Despard,

This study examined African American families who are providing informal kinship care in the U.S. with the aim of developing a nuanced understanding of the financial characteristics, challenges, and coping strategies of these families.

Amanda Klein-Cox, Angela Tobin, Ramona Denby,

Shared parenting, when adults collaborate in childrearing, is a practice of interest for children in out-of-home care. Yet, little is known about its feasibility and outcomes for kinship families who have preexisting relationships with birth parents. This article shares qualitative results from focus groups that explored participants’ experiences and attitudes toward shared parenting in the U.S.