This paper examines the association between cross-border ties and cross-border separation with the health of sub-Saharan African (SSA) migrant adults living in metropolitan France using data from the nationally representative “Trajectoire et Origines” survey. The study found that remitting money and having a child abroad are each associated with poor health among women, but not men. The effect of remittances on health is also modified by the location of one's children: remittance sending is associated with poor health only for SSA-migrants separated from their children. The authors note that this study has limited geographic scope.
The study is inconclusive as to why outcomes were worse for women. The researchers posit that it could go along with the reasons for the remittances or that women face undue stress due to separation from the child.