In this Innocenti Podcast, Tia Palermo discusses The Transfer Project, a government run large-scale social cash transfer program in Sub-Saharan Africa. The purpose of this program is to improve the condition of children and adolescents in the region. The beneficiaries of these cash transfers are non-conditional. These transfers have had a positive effect on children and adolescents. Impact evaluations demonstrate a direct positive causal impacts on households and children’s well-being. Using rigorous data, The Transfer Project found that cash transfers do not increase fertility of women receiving transfer or increase alcohol consumption.