This one-page presentation outlines the research questions of a study on the effects of relatedness, age and orphan status on child discipline. The document also provides a description of the study and methodology, presents the data and the results in table and graph form, and briefly highlights a literature review conducted as part of the study. The document offers a short discussion on the results of the study and notes some of the implications of these findings.
The study looked at data from Ghana, Iraq, Vietnam, Costa Rica, and Ukraine to uncover how a child’s relationship to the head of household, age, and orphan status impact the severity of punishment the child receives. The study also sought to understand how parental education level, parental beliefs in the necessity of physical punishment and parental attitudes regarding domestic violence affect these outcomes. The study did find some differences between severity of discipline for children who live with grandparents, as compared with those who live with parents. However, the study found that the most significant predictors of child discipline are: parent’s beliefs that children require physical punishment to be brought up correctly, the child’s age, and women’s attitudes regarding domestic violence.