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Cambodia

Demographic Data

  • Total Population: 15.33 million
  • Population under 15: 32%
  • Life Expectancy at Birth: 72 years
  • Human Development Index: 143 out of 188
  • World Bank Status: Low income
  • HIV/AIDS Prevalence (age 15-49): 0.6%
  • Mean Household Composition: 4.6 members
  • Female-Headed Households: 27%
  • Early Marriage (% of children married by 18 years): 19%

Sources: World Bank, UNICEF,UNDP HDR 2015, DHS 2014

Demographic Data

Demographic Data

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38
GINI Coefficient
UN World Population Prospects 2019
16.52 million
Total Population
NIS 2019 provisional census data
i
Awaiting full census data to be released
37%
Population Under 18
 
UNICEF statistical profile
Lower Middle Income Country
World Bank GNI Status
World Bank 2016
1
Medium Human Development
Human Development Index
UNDP 2017
12.9%
Living Below Poverty Line
 
ADB, 2020
5
People
Mean Household Size
DHS, 2014
26.9%
Prevalence of Female-Headed Households
 
DHS 2014

Children's Living Arrangement

Children's Living Arrangements

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%
Country
 
NO SOURCE GIVEN
78.1%
Living with Both Parents
 
DHS 2014
10.7%
Living with One Parent
 
DHS 2014
11.1%
Living with Neither Parent
 
DHS 2014
%
Effective
 
NO SOURCE GIVEN

Children Living without Biological Parent

Children Living Without Biological Parents

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97%
Living in Kinship Care
 
BCN Analysis of 2014 DHS Data
3%
Living in a Non-Relative Household
 
BCN Analysis of 2014 DHS Data
84%
Both Parents Alive
 
BCN Analysis of 2014 DHS Data
10%
One Parent Dead
 
BCN Analysis of 2014 DHS Data
7%
Both Parents Dead
 
BCN Analysis of 2014 DHS Data

Children at Risk of Separation

Children at Risk of Separation

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Children living below poverty line
896,877
children
MoP IDPoor Program round 7-9 (2013-2015)
i
Children living in level 1 and level 2 ranked households
11%
Children engaged in Child Labor
 
ILO/NIS 2012- UNICEF Statistical Profile 2018
10.1%
Children with Disabilities
 
Handicap International 2015
i
10.1 percent of children in Cambodia have a disabling condition
21.1%
Left Behind Children (Migration)
 
CRUMP series report MUP 2015
i
% of migrant households with left behind children
Children affected by HIV
4,061
children
UNAIDS 2015
i
children between 0-14
Street Connected Children
3,545
children
UNICEF Statistical Profile 2018
i
Children living on the streets counted in 7 provinces including all major hotspots
60%
Children experiencing violence
 
Cambodia's Violence Against Children Survey 2014
i
approximately 60 % of children experience a form of violence before 18 yrs old
Children in conflict with the law
1,540
children
UNICEF q.2 report 2019

Formal Alternative Care Arrangements

Formal Alternative Care Arrangements

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0 Families/Parents
0 Children
NO SOURCE GIVEN
0 Families/Parents
0 Children
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Total Family-Based Alternative Care
- - Families/Parents
- - Children
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Foster Care
- - Foster Families/Foster Parents
- - Children
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Formal Kinship Care
- - Families/Parents
- - Children
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Total Residential Care
639 Settings
26,187 Children
MoSVY 2017
Residential Care Institutions (RCIs)
406 Settings
16,579 Children
MoSVY 2017
Group Homes
71 Settings
1,592 Children
MoSVY 2017
Transit Homes/Temporary Emergency Accommodation
25 Settings
628 Children
MoSVY 2017
Boarding Schools/Boarding Houses
72 Settings
6,039 Children
MoSVY 2017
Pagoda and faith based care
65 Settings
1,349 Children
MoSVY 2017
Lancet Global Study Estimate of Children Living in Institutional Care
48,775 Children
i
Lower Bound: 48,775 Upper Bound: 48,775
Desmond, et al, 2020

Key Reform Indicators/Progress Markers

Progress Indicators

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Country
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Effective
 
NO SOURCE GIVEN
% 1
Social Welfare Spending
ABD SPI 2015
i
This is the % allocated to social assistance from the SPI
$ 3.10 million
Child Welfare Spending
Social Protection Review OECD Cambodia 2017
i
1.7% of MoSVY budget in 2016
Alternative Care Policy in Line with the 2009 Guidelines
 
Mostly
Prakas on the Enforcement of the Policy on the Alternative Care for Children 2006 & Prakas on the Procedure to Implement the Policy on the Alternative Care of Children
i
Policy was developed prior to the Guildeines and requires amendments to bring it into full conformity
Centralised Authority on Adoption
 
No Data
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Commitment to Deinstitutionalistion
 
Yes
MoSVY Action Plan for Improving Child Care 2016-2018
Comprehensive Child Protection Law
 
Partly
UNICEF Quarterly Brief 5 2019
i
Current legal framework is fragmented however comprehensive Child Protection law is in development
Continuum of Alternative Care Services Available
 
Limited
NO SOURCE GIVEN
i
Data Source: Cambodia Country Care Profile 2020
Data System
 
Mostly
UNCIEF Quarterly Brief 5 2019
i
Includes National CPMIS, CMS, and government. CMS interoperability with primary CMS used by NGOs
Existence of a Regulatory Body and Regulatory System
 
Yes
Sub-decree 119 2015
Gatekeeping Mechanism/Policy
 
Mostly
Sub Decree 34, 119
Means of Tracking Progress with Reforms
 
Mostly
UNICEF Quarterly Brief 5 2019
Moratorium on Admission into Institutions for Children Under 3
 
Yes
MoSVY Action Plan for Improving Child Care 2016-2018
Moratorium on New Institutions
 
No Data
NO SOURCE GIVEN
National Action Plan to Guide Reforms
 
Yes
MoSVY Action Plan for Improving Child Care 2016-2018
National Standards of Care
 
Yes
Prakas on the Minimum Standards for Residential Care of Children 2008 and Prakas on the Minimum Standards for Alternative Care in the Community 2008
Prevention of Separation Services Available
 
Limited
NO SOURCE GIVEN
i
Data Source: Cambodia Country Care Profile 2020
Support for Careleavers (in Legislation and in Practice)
 
Partly
Sub Decree 90, 116
i
Current provision is for a 1 time payment for young people exiting from state institutions, however this is under review.
1,393
children
Number of Children Reintegrated Out of Institutional Care
UNICEF Quarterly Brief 5, 2019

Social Work Force

Social Service Workforce

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0
Workers
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Country
64
Workers
Social Service Workforce In the East Asia and Pacific Region Multi Country Review 2019 UNCIEF/GSSWA
No. of government social service workers with child protection responsibilities (per 100,000 children)
0
Workers
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Effective
A national workforce assessment and analysis carried out within the past four years
 
No
Social Service Workforce In the East Asia and Pacific Region Multi Country Review 2019 UNCIEF/GSSWA
i
Social Work Quality Assurance framework is under development
A system of licensing/registration of social service professionals
 
Yes
Social Service Workforce In the East Asia and Pacific Region Multi Country Review 2019 UNCIEF/GSSWA

Key Stakeholders

Key Stakeholders

Add New Data
Country
Government
Civil Society Organisations
Effective

Other Relevant Reforms

Other Relevant Reforms

Add New Data
Effective
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Child Protection
i
Child Protection and Care reforms are integrated in Cambodia
Cambodia Country Care Profile 2020
Decentralisation
i
Relates to the transfers of child protection and social welfare service delivery from the MoSVY to the subnational level under the District Administration Structure
Cambodia Country Care Profile 2020
Social Protection
i
Increasing investment in social assistance and better targeting of vulnerable children through the Cash Transfer Program
Social Protection System Review of Cambodia 2017 OCED Development Pathways 2017

Key Research Sources

Key Data Sources

Add New Data
Country
Effective

Drivers of Institutionalisation

Drivers of Institutionaliziation

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Country
Push Factors
Pull Factors
Effective

Displaying 1 - 10 of 231

List of Organisations

Amanda Miller & Harriot Beazley - Children's Geographies,

This paper examines the lived experiences of children who interacted with tourists in a performance-based orphanage in Siem Reap, Cambodia.

Family Care First,

អង្គការ Save the Children រួមជាមួយអង្គការដៃគូចំនួន៧ កំពុងជួយលើកកម្ពស់សមត្ថភាពរបស់គ្រួសារទទួលផលក្នុងការថែទាំកូនៗរបស់ពួកគេ ដើម្បីសម្រេចឱ្យបាននូវសមទ្ធិផលនៃកិច្ចការពារកុមារប្រកបដោយភាពវិជ្ជមាន។ ដោយមានការគាំទ្រពីទីភ្នាក់ងារជំនួយសហរដ្ឋអាមេរិកដើម្បីការអភិវឌ្ឃអន្តរជាតិ (USAID) និងសហភាពអឺរ៉ុប គម្រោង FCF|REACT កំពុងផ្តល់នូវការឧបត្ថម្ភសាច់ប្រាក់ប្រចាំខែ និងផ្តល់ការគាំទ្រដល់អ្នកផ្តល់ការថែទាំក្នុងការចាត់អាទិភាពនូវការចំណាយរបស់ពួកគេដើម្បីឧត្តមប្រយោជន៍របស់កូនៗ។ មាននៅលើ  

Family Care First,

ស្របពេលដែលកើតមានឡើងនូវការឆ្លងរីករាលដាលនៃជំងឺកូវីដ-១៩ក្នុងសហគមន៍ ហើយសាលារៀន ត្រូវបានបិទទ្វារសារជាថ្មីនៅតាមបណ្តារាជធានីខេត្តផ្សេងៗនៅទូទាំងប្រទេសកម្ពុជា កុមារភាគច្រើនត្រូវនៅឃ្លាតឆ្ងាយពីមិត្តភក្តិម្តងទៀត និងមិនអាចរីករាយជាមួយសកម្មភាពដែលពួកគេធ្លាប់មាន។ នេះគឺជាវីដេអូខ្លីមួយដែលអប់រំអំពីគន្លឹះសំខាន់ៗចំនួនប្រាំ ដើម្បីលើកកម្ពស់សុខុមាលភាពផ្លូវចិត្តរបស់កុមារ នៅក្នុងពេលវេលាដ៏លំបាកមួយនេះ! សូមទស្សនា និងចែករំលែកបន្តទៅកាន់អ្នកដែលអ្នកគិតថា ពួកគេកំពុងត្រូវការចំណេះដឹងទាំងនេះ។ សូមរក្សាសុវត្ថិភាពរបស់ខ្លួនឱ្យបានខ្ជាប់ខ្ជួនគ្រប់ពេលវេលា!

Luke Hunt - South China Morning Post,

A recent inquiry has revealed that the former director of a high-profile Cambodian orphanage founded by a U.S. heiress, the Sovann Komar home, physically and sexually abused the children in his care and committed financial fraud, according to this article from the South China Morning Post.

Amelia Andrews - SOS Children's Villages,

"Child representatives and care leavers from South East Asia have called for increased support for continuing education, psychosocial care, finding jobs and affordable housing in the wake of COVID-19," according to this news article from SOS Children's Villages.

Suman Khadka and Buthdy Sem - UNICEF Cambodia,

This article from UNICEF Cambodia describes how UNICEF and its partners are responding to the needs of children in residential care during the COVID-19 pandemic.

UNICEF Cambodia,

This video from UNICEF Cambodia, in the Khmer language, explores children protection case management during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Manuela Molina Cruz,

This book is written for children (in Khmer) to help them understand the Coronavirus.

Ministry of Social Affairs, Veterans and Youth Rehabilitation (MoSVY) of Cambodia,

This Guideline aims to further provide technical guidance to child protection workers in Cambodia to better respond to the child protection risks during a COVID-19 pandemic through case management, including psychosocial support.

Laura Cordisco Tsai, Vanntheary Lim, Channtha Nhanh - Children & Society,

This article explores the perspectives of Cambodian boys who have experienced human trafficking and sexual exploitation on their experiences transitioning out of shelters and re‐entering the community.