Resources - Browse resources for a particular region or country here.

Cambodia

Demographic Data

  • Total Population: 15.33 million
  • Population under 15: 32%
  • Life Expectancy at Birth: 72 years
  • Human Development Index: 143 out of 188
  • World Bank Status: Low income
  • HIV/AIDS Prevalence (age 15-49): 0.6%
  • Mean Household Composition: 4.6 members
  • Female-Headed Households: 27%
  • Early Marriage (% of children married by 18 years): 19%

Sources: World Bank, UNICEF,UNDP HDR 2015, DHS 2014

Demographic Data

37.9
Gini Coefficiency
UN World Population Prospects 2019
16.52 million
Total Population
NIS 2019 provisional census data
i
Awaiting full census data to be released
37%
Percent Population Under 18
 
UNICEF statistical profile
Lower Middle Income Country
World Bank GNI Status
World Bank 2016
0.582
Medium Human Development
Human Development Index
UNDP 2017
12.9%
Living Below Poverty Line
 
ADB, 2020
4.6
People
Median Household Size
DHS, 2014

Children's Living Arrangement

Children's Living Arrangements

Add New Data Data and Resources
%
Country
 
NO SOURCE GIVEN
77%
Living with Both Parents
 
DHS 2014
9%
Living with Mother Only
 
DHS 2014
2%
Living with Father Only
 
DHS 2014
12%
Living with Neither Parent
 
DHS 2014
5.7%
Living in Kinship Care with One Parent Dead
 
DHS 2014
0.7%
Living in Kinship Care with Both Parents Dead
 
DHS 2014
%
Effective
 
NO SOURCE GIVEN

Children Living without Biological Parent

Children Living Without Biological Parents

Add New Data Data and Resources
3%
Living in a Non-Relative Household
 
DHS 2014
97%
Living in Kinship Care
 
DHS 2014
10%
With One Parent Dead
 
DHS 2014
6%
With Both Parents Dead
 
DHS 2014

Children at Risk of Separation

Children at Risk of Separation

Add New Data Data and Resources
Children living below poverty line
896877
children
MoP IDPoor Program round 7-9 (2013-2015)
i
Children living in level 1 and level 2 ranked households
11%
Children engaged in Child Labor
 
ILO/NIS 2012- UNICEF Statistical Profile 2018
10.1%
Children with Disabilities
 
Handicap International 2015
i
10.1 percent of children in Cambodia have a disabling condition
21.1%
Left Behind Children (Migration)
 
CRUMP series report MUP 2015
i
% of migrant households with left behind children
Children affected by HIV
4061
children
UNAIDS 2015
i
children between 0-14
Street Connected Children
3545
children
UNICEF Statistical Profile 2018
i
Children living on the streets counted in 7 provinces including all major hotspots
60%
Children experiencing violence
 
Cambodia's Violence Against Children Survey 2014
i
approximately 60 % of children experience a form of violence before 18 yrs old
Children in conflict with the law
1540
children
UNICEF q.2 report 2019

Formal Alternative Care Arrangements

Formal Alternative Care Arrangements

Add New Data Data and Resources
Settings
Children
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Settings
Children
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Formal Family-Based Care
0 Settings
0 Children
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Foster Care
0 Settings
0 Children
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Kinship Care
0 Settings
0 Children
NO SOURCE GIVEN
0 Settings
0 Children
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Residential Care Institutions
223 Settings
6582 Children
i
No.of children does not include youth over 18 years old remaining in institutional care
MoSVY Inspection Data 2019
Other Residential Care Settings
351 Settings
2800 Children
i
No.of children does not include youth over 18 years old remaining in institutional care
MoSVY Inspection Data 2019
0 Settings
0 Children
NO SOURCE GIVEN

Key Reform Indicators/Progress Markers

Country
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Effective
 
NO SOURCE GIVEN
% 0.5
Social Welfare Spending
ABD SPI 2015
i
This is the % allocated to social assistance from the SPI
None Provided 3.10 million
Child Welfare Spending
Social Protection Review OECD Cambodia 2017
i
1.7% of MoSVY budget in 2016
Alternative Care Policy in line with the 2009 Guidelines
 
Mostly
Prakas on the Enforcement of the Policy on the Alternative Care for Children 2006 & Prakas on the Procedure to Implement the Policy on the Alternative Care of Children
i
Policy was developed prior to the Guildeines and requires amendments to bring it into full conformity
Centralised authority on adoption
 
Yes
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Commitment to Deinstitutionalistion/Reforms
 
Yes
MoSVY Action Plan for Improving Child Care 2016-2018
Comprehensive child protection law
 
Partly
UNICEF Quarterly Brief 5 2019
i
Current legal framework is fragmented however comprehensive Child Protection law is in development
Continuum of alternative care services available
 
Limited
Cambodia Country Care Profile 2020
Data System
 
Mostly
UNCIEF Quarterly Brief 5 2019
i
Includes National CPMIS, CMS, and govt. CMS interoperability with primary CMS used by NGOs
Existence of a regulatory body and regulatory system
 
Yes
Sub-decree 119 2015
Gatekeeping mechanism/policy
 
Mostly
Sub Decree 34, 119
Means of tracking progress with reforms
 
Mostly
UNICEF Quarterly Brief 5 2019
Moratorium on admission into institutions for children under 3
 
Yes
MoSVY Action Plan for Improving Child Care 2016-2018
Moratorium on new institutions
 
No Data
NO SOURCE GIVEN
National Action Plan
 
Yes
MoSVY Action Plan for Improving Child Care 2016-2018
National Standards of Care
 
Yes
Prakas on the Minimum Standards for Residential Care of Children 2008 and Prakas on the Minimum Standards for Alternative Care in the Community 2008
Prevention of Separation Services available
 
Limited
Cambodia Country Care Profile 2020
Support for careleavers (in legislation and in practice)
 
Partly
Sub Decree 90, 116, Cambodia Country Care Profile 2020.
i
Current provision is for a 1 time payment for young people exiting from state institutions, however this is under review.

Social Work Force

Workers
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Country
64.4
Workers
Social Service Workforce In the East Asia and Pacific Region Multi Country Review 2019 UNCIEF/GSSWA
No. of government social service workers with child protection responsibilities (per 100,000 children)
Workers
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Effective
A national workforce assessment and analysis carried out within the past four years
 
No
Social Service Workforce In the East Asia and Pacific Region Multi Country Review 2019 UNCIEF/GSSWA
i
Social Work Quality Assurance framework is under development
A system of licensing/registration of social service professionals
 
Yes
Social Service Workforce In the East Asia and Pacific Region Multi Country Review 2019 UNCIEF/GSSWA

Key Stakeholders

Country
Government
Civil Society Organisations
Effective

Other Relevant Reforms

Other Relevant Reforms

Add New Data Data and Resources
Effective
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Child Protection
i
Child Protection and Care reforms are integrated in Cambodia
Cambodia Country Care Profile 2020
Decentralisation
i
Relates to the transfers of child protection and social welfare service delivery from the MoSVY to the subnational level under the District Administration Structure
Cambodia Country Care Profile 2020
Social Protection
i
Increasing investment in social assistance and better targeting of vulnerable children through the Cash Transfer Program
Social Protection System Review of Cambodia 2017 OCED Development Pathways 2017

Key Research Sources

Country
Effective

Drivers of Institutionalisation

Drivers of Institutionaliziation

Add New Data Data and Resources
Country
Push Factors
Pull Factors
Effective

Displaying 1 - 10 of 226

List of Organisations

Luke Hunt - South China Morning Post,

A recent inquiry has revealed that the former director of a high-profile Cambodian orphanage founded by a U.S. heiress, the Sovann Komar home, physically and sexually abused the children in his care and committed financial fraud, according to this article from the South China Morning Post.

Amelia Andrews - SOS Children's Villages,

"Child representatives and care leavers from South East Asia have called for increased support for continuing education, psychosocial care, finding jobs and affordable housing in the wake of COVID-19," according to this news article from SOS Children's Villages.

Suman Khadka and Buthdy Sem - UNICEF Cambodia,

This article from UNICEF Cambodia describes how UNICEF and its partners are responding to the needs of children in residential care during the COVID-19 pandemic.

UNICEF Cambodia,

This video from UNICEF Cambodia, in the Khmer language, explores children protection case management during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Manuela Molina Cruz,

This book is written for children (in Khmer) to help them understand the Coronavirus.

Ministry of Social Affairs, Veterans and Youth Rehabilitation (MoSVY) of Cambodia,

This Guideline aims to further provide technical guidance to child protection workers in Cambodia to better respond to the child protection risks during a COVID-19 pandemic through case management, including psychosocial support.

Laura Cordisco Tsai, Vanntheary Lim, Channtha Nhanh - Children & Society,

This article explores the perspectives of Cambodian boys who have experienced human trafficking and sexual exploitation on their experiences transitioning out of shelters and re‐entering the community.

Amelia Harvey - ASEAN Studies Center,

This essay by Amelia Harvey for the ASEAN Studies Center focuses on the rise of orphanages in Cambodia and the manner in which voluntourism has accelerated this growth.

David E. Eagle, et al - Journal of Religion and Health,

The authors of this study conducted qualitative interviews of 69 caregivers in four countries: Ethiopia, Kenya, Cambodia, and India (Hyderabad and Nagaland), and across four religious traditions: Christian (Orthodox, Roman Catholic, and Protestant), Muslim, Buddhist, and Hindu. They asked respondents to describe the importance of religion for their becoming a caregiver, the way in which religion has helped them make sense of why children are orphans, and how religion helps them face the challenges of their occupation.

Save the Children,

Family Care First (FCF) | REACT is recruiting a Communication Specialist who will be responsible for the implementation of the network's communication strategy.