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Uganda

Demographic Data

  • Total Population: 37.78 million
  • Population under 15 years: 48%
  • Life Expectancy at Birth: 59 years
  • Human Development Index: 163 out of 188
  • World Bank Status: Low income
  • HIV/AIDS Prevalence (age 15-49): 7.3%
  • Mean Household Composition: 4.9 persons
  • Female-Headed Households: 29.5%
  • Early Marriage (% of children married by 18 years): 40%

Sources: World Bank, UNICEF, UNDP HDR 2015, DHS 2011

Demographic Data

42.8
Gini Coefficiency
World Bank, 2016
45.70 million
Total Population
Population Reference Bureau, 2020
55%
Percent Population Under 18
 
Census report, 2014
low income country
World Bank GNI Status
World Bank, 2019
0.528
Low Human Development
Human Development Index
Human Development Report 2019
41.7%
Living Below Poverty Line
 
Human Development Report 2019
4.7
People
Median Household Size
Census report, 2014

Children's Living Arrangement

Children's Living Arrangements

Add New Data Data and Resources
%
Country
 
NO SOURCE GIVEN
52.3%
Living with Both Parents
 
Uganda Demographic and Health Survey 2016
21.2%
Living with Mother Only
 
Uganda Demographic and Health Survey 2016
6%
Living with Father Only
 
Uganda Demographic and Health Survey 2016
19.9%
Living with Neither Parent
 
Uganda Demographic and Health Survey 2016
9.1%
Living in Kinship Care with Both Parents Dead
 
Uganda Demographic and Health Survey 2016
%
Effective
 
NO SOURCE GIVEN

Children Living without Biological Parent

Children Living Without Biological Parents

Add New Data Data and Resources

Children at Risk of Separation

Children at Risk of Separation

Add New Data Data and Resources
23%
Children living below poverty line
 
Ministry of Gender, Labour and Social Development & UNICEF. (2019). Situation Analysis of Children in Uganda 2019. MGLSD & UNICEF
15%
Children engaged in Child Labor
 
UBOS (2018). National Labour Force Survey 2016/17. Kampala, Uganda: Uganda Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved from:https://www.ubos.org/wp-content/uploads/publications/10_2018Report_national_labour_force_survey_2016_17.pdf
i
2 million children
7.5%
Children with Disabilities
 
UBOS and UNICEF (2018) Uganda Functional Difficulties Survey: Indicators Report. Kampala: Uganda Bureau of Statistics and UNICEF. Retrieved from: https://www.ubos.org/wp-content/uploads/publications/07_2019Uganda_Functional_Difficulties_Survey_2017.pdf
i
Children aged 2-4 years: 3.5%, Children aged 5-17 years: 7.5%
Children affected by HIV
950000
children
CDC, 2018
i
Estimated orphans due to AIDS: 950,000. Prevalence of HIV among children aged 0-14: 0.5% (The Uganda Population-Based HIV Impact Assessment (UPHIA), 2017)
59%
Children experiencing violence
 
MGLSD (2018). Uganda Violence Against Children Survey. Kampala: Ministry of Gender, Labour and Social Development. Retrieved from: https://www.unicef.org/uganda/media/2156/file/Violence%20Against%20Children%20Survey%202018.pdf
i
Prevalence of past-year physical violence against children, age 13-17 years (M/F): 59%/44%; Prevalence of past-year emotional violence against children, age 13-17 years: 22.8/22.2%; Prevalence of past-year Sexual violence against children, age 13-17 years: 11%/25%; % children (13-17 years) who experienced physical violence (in the last 12 months) by a parent, adult caregiver (Male/Female): 21.7/18.7
9.1%
Children who have lost one or both parents
 
Uganda Demographic and Health Survey 2016
19.9%
Children who are not living with either of their biological parents
 
Uganda Demographic and Health Survey 2016

Formal Alternative Care Arrangements

Formal Alternative Care Arrangements

Add New Data Data and Resources
Settings
Children
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Settings
Children
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Formal Family-Based Care
0 Settings
0 Children
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Foster Care
0 Settings
0 Children
Currently no data
Kinship Care
0 Settings
0 Children
i
Currently no data
NO SOURCE GIVEN
0 Settings
0 Children
NO SOURCE GIVEN
All Residential Care
0 Settings
72689 Children
i
A 2020 study from The Lancet estimates that there are 72688.52 children in residential care in Uganda.
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Approved children's homes
142 Settings
0 Children
MGLSD, 2019
Unapproved children's homes
0 Settings
0 Children
i
Currently no data
NO SOURCE GIVEN

Key Reform Indicators/Progress Markers

Country
 
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Effective
 
NO SOURCE GIVEN
NO DATA AVAILABLE
Social Welfare Spending
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Alternative Care Policy in line with the 2009 Guidelines
 
Partly
The National Alternative Care Framework (NFAC)
i
The National Alternative Care Framework (NFAC) was developed in 2012. It provides a framework for delivering and facilitating access to appropriate alternative care options for children deprived of parental care, including guidance on placement of children in need of alternative care. The framework is currently undergoing revision.
Centralised authority on adoption
 
No
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Commitment to Deinstitutionalistion/Reforms
 
Yes
The National Action Plan on Alternative Care for Children 2016/2017–2020/2021
i
Reflected in the The National Action Plan on Alternative Care for Children 2016/2017–2020/2021 and recent guidelines on the closure pf Children's Homes
Comprehensive child protection law
 
Partly
The Children Act, Cap 29 (Amended in 2016)
i
A suite of laws are in place, yet gaps exist. The Children Act, Cap 29 (Amended in 2016) is the primarily legislation on care and protection for children.
Continuum of alternative care services available
 
Yes
Reflected in the The National Action Plan on Alternative Care for Children 2016/2017–2020/2021
Data System
 
No
No centralized database or management information system
Existence of a regulatory body and regulatory system
 
Yes
Provided for in the Children's Act, Cap 59 (Amended in 2016)
Gatekeeping mechanism/policy
 
Yes
The Children Act, Cap 59 (amended in 2016) and the National Framework for Alternative Care (NFAC)
i
The Children Act, Cap 59 (amended in 2016) and the National Framework for Alternative Care (NFAC) delineate a standard process for the referral or admission of a child to an alternative care setting, including procedures to screen referrals, authorize placement of children, and ensure admission safeguards, to guarantee the appropriate use of alternative care
Means of tracking progress with reforms
 
No
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Moratorium on admission into institutions for children under 3
 
Yes
National Alternative Care Framework, 2012 and Action Plan (2016/17–2020/21)
Moratorium on new institutions
 
No
NO SOURCE GIVEN
National Action Plan
 
Yes
National Action Plan on Alternative Care for Children 2016/2017–2020/2021
i
The Plan is currently under review.
National Standards of Care
 
Partly
NO SOURCE GIVEN
i
Minimum standards exists for some care options (residential care, foster care). Standards of practice or basic minimum standards applicable to the provision of other care services (supported independent living, adoption, guardianship) do not exist.
Prevention of Separation Services available
 
Yes
NO SOURCE GIVEN
i
Some existing programs, primarily run by civil society organizations, provide services that seek to strengthen families
Support for careleavers (in legislation and in practice)
 
Limited
NO SOURCE GIVEN
i
Needs of careleavers are not reflected in the current legal and policy framework. The Uganda Care Leavers Project brings together care leavers to share their experiences, learn from one another, and work together to pursue common goals.

Social Work Force

Workers
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Country
Minimum standards and competency framework for social work education and training
 
Yes
MGLSD in collaboration with the National Council for Higher Education (NCHE), 2019
Workers
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Effective
A national workforce assessment and analysis carried out within the past four years
 
Yes
Reference: Bulwani, G.K., & Twikirize, J. M. (2019). Functional Review of the Government Social Service Workforce in Relation to Child Protection. Kampala: Ministry of Gender, Labour and Social Development & USAID.
i
A functional review of the government social service workforce in relation to child protection was carried out in 2019.
A system of licensing/registration of social service professionals
 
No
NO SOURCE GIVEN

Key Stakeholders

Country
Government
Effective

Other Relevant Reforms

Other Relevant Reforms

Add New Data Data and Resources
Effective
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Child Protection
i
On June 22, 2020, the Cabinet approved a National Child Policy (NCP) to replace the National Orphans and other Vulnerable Children (OVC) policy (NOP), 2004. The policy was developed following a comprehensive review of the NOP and the second National Strategic Programme Plan of Interventions (NSPPI) for OVC (NSPPI 2), 2011/12—2015/16. The NCP includes childcare and protection as one of the four national priorities and underscores the need to strengthen and support families to care for children and ensure access to quality and disability-inclusive alternative family-based care options for children without parental care. In addition, the National Framework for Alternative Care (NFAC) is currently undergoing revisions to address specific gaps identified during the participatory care reform assessment conducted in 2018 and to reflect changes in the legislation. In addition, new a national plan of action for alternative (2020/21-2025/16) is currently under development
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Social Protection
i
A National Social Protection Policy was developed in 2015. The Policy defines social protection as comprising of two pillars: social security and social care & support services. It provides for childcare and protection under a component on ‘social care for children’.
NO SOURCE GIVEN

Key Research Sources

Country
Effective

Drivers of Institutionalisation

Drivers of Institutionaliziation

Add New Data Data and Resources
Country
Push Factors
Pull Factors
Effective

Displaying 1 - 10 of 283

List of Organisations

Jennifer J. Driscoll - Child Abuse Review,

This article considers the potential efficacy of the para social workers (PSW) model in strengthening child protection at community level in Uganda.

AfriChild Centre and CPC Learning Network,

Join the AfriChild Centre and CPC Learning Network on September 17th at 9:00 AM EDT (New York)/4:00 PM EAT (Kampala) as they revisit with a COVID-19 lens the existing and new challenges children in residential care institutions (RCI) in Uganda are facing.

4Children,

As the 4Children Uganda System Strengthening project closes September 30, 2020, 4Children will be holding a webinar on September 16 to reflect on the key learning and successes over the life of the project.

Rosebell Kagumire - Quartz Africa,

"The United States imposed financial sanctions and visa restrictions on two Ugandan judges, a lawyer, and her associate for taking part in a fraudulent adoption scheme where 'young children were removed from their families and placed into a corrupt adoption network,'” says this article from Quartz Africa.

Alice McCool - The Guardian,

"The US has imposed financial sanctions and visa restrictions on two Ugandan judges and two lawyers over their part in an international adoption scam involving more than 30 children," says this article from the Guardian.

Kelly, B van Breda, A, Bekoe, J, Bukuluki, P, Chereni, A, Frimpong-Manso, K, Luwangula, R, Pinkerton, J, Ringson, J & Santin, O - SOS Children's Villages, University of Ghana, Queen's University Belfast, University of Johannesburg, Makerere University,

This report outlines the peer research approach adopted by the Building Positive Futures project and summarises the findings of the pilot of the peer research methodology on leaving care in Africa.

Kelly, B van Breda, A, Bekoe, J, Bukuluki, P, Chereni, A, Frimpong-Manso, K, Luwangula, R, Pinkerton, J, Ringson, J & Santin, O - SOS Children's Villages, University of Ghana, Queen's University Belfast, University of Johannesburg, Makerere University,

This report is a short summary of the main findings from 'Building Positive Futures: A Cross-Country Pilot Study on Youth Transitions from Out-of-Home Care in Africa,' written for youth who participated and other interested young people.

Kelly, B van Breda, A, Bekoe, J, Bukuluki, P, Chereni, A, Frimpong-Manso, K, Luwangula, R, Pinkerton, J, Ringson, J & Santin, O - SOS Children's Villages, University of Ghana, Queen's University Belfast, University of Johannesburg, Makerere University ,

Given the paucity of research on youth transitioning from alternative care (i.e. care-leaving or leaving care) in Africa, the study sought to develop and test a methodology for a cross-country, comparative study on leaving care in Africa.

Tracy Teddy Nayiga - PML Daily,

This article from PML Daily announces the approval of a new National Child Policy in Uganda.

Child's i Foundation,

This report from Child's i Foundation provides an overview of the organisation's response to the COVID-19 pandemic in Uganda.