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Guatemala

Demographic Data

48.3
Gini Coefficiency
World Bank, 2014
16.35 million
Total Population
Census, 2018
40.19%
Percent Population Under 18
 
Census, 2018
upper middle income country
World Bank GNI Status
World Bank, 2019
0.651
Medium Human Development
Human Development Index
UNDP, 2019
59.3%
Living Below Poverty Line
 
Instituto Nacional de Estadística - Guatemala, 2014
4.5
People
Median Household Size
Census, 2018

Children's Living Arrangement

Children's Living Arrangements

Add New Data Data and Resources
%
Country
 
NO SOURCE GIVEN
65%
Living with Both Parents
 
Ministerio de Salud Pública y Asistencia Social (MSPAS), Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE), ICF International, 2017. Encuesta Nacional de Salud Materno Infantil 2014-2015. Informe Final. Guatemala, MSPAS/INE/ICF
22%
Living with Mother Only
 
Encuesta Nacional de Condiciones de Vida 2014
i
Ministerio de Salud Pública y Asistencia Social (MSPAS), Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE), ICF International, 2017. Encuesta Nacional de Salud Materno Infantil 2014-2015. Informe Final. Guatemala, MSPAS/INE/ICF
3.6%
Living with Father Only
 
Encuesta Nacional de Condiciones de Vida 2014
15%
Living with Neither Parent
 
Ministerio de Salud Pública y Asistencia Social (MSPAS), Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE), ICF International, 2017. Encuesta Nacional de Salud Materno Infantil 2014-2015. Informe Final. Guatemala, MSPAS/INE/ICF
6.4%
Living in Kinship Care with One Parent Dead
 
DHS, 2014-2015
0.4%
Living in Kinship Care with Both Parents Dead
 
Ministerio de Salud Pública y Asistencia Social (MSPAS), Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE), ICF International, 2017. Encuesta Nacional de Salud Materno Infantil 2014-2015. Informe Final. Guatemala, MSPAS/INE/ICF
%
Effective
 
NO SOURCE GIVEN

Children Living without Biological Parent

Children Living Without Biological Parents

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Children at Risk of Separation

Children at Risk of Separation

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54.8%
Children living below poverty line
 
Pobreza Multidimensional infantil y adolescente en Guatemala: PRIVACIONES A SUPERAR. 2016, ICEFI y UNICEF
5.3%
Children with Disabilities
 
ENDIS 2016
i
age 2-17
Left Behind Children (Migration)
30329
children
CIPRODENI, 2019
i
NNA aprehendidos en la frontera sur de EEUU: 30,329 NNA Guatemaltecos retornados: 20,028
Ethnic Minority children
3.01 million
children
Census, 2018
i
Mayan 2,866,111 (age 0-18 / 2018) Garífuna 7, 280 (age 0-18 / 2018) Xinka 123,387 (age 0-18 / 2018) Afromestizo 12,321 (age 0-18 / 2018)
Children affected by HIV
35
children
Informe epidemiológico de VIH del MSPAS 2017
i
age 0-19
Children in conflict with the law
1131
children
Cuaderno de Debate: Adolescentes en Conflicto con la Ley Penal desde la justicia restaurativa, FLACSO, 2017.
i
aged 13-18

Formal Alternative Care Arrangements

Formal Alternative Care Arrangements

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Settings
Children
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Settings
Children
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Formal Family-Based Care
0 Settings
0 Children
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Foster Care
150 Settings
63 Children
i
150 approved foster families, 63 children approved and placed in 47 families
Information provided via phone call with the Foster Care Program of the SBS, 14 April 2020
Kinship Care
0 Settings
0 Children
NO SOURCE GIVEN
0 Settings
0 Children
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Larger Institutions
146 Settings
3863 Children
i
146 (124 private and 22 public facilitiies) and 4,215 children
National Census of Residential Care Facilities, 2019
Transit Centres/Shelters
1 Settings
0 Children
Secretaría de Bienestar Social de la Presidencia
0 Settings
0 Children
NO SOURCE GIVEN

Adoption

NO DATA AVAIABLE
Country
NO SOURCE GIVEN
115
children
Domestic Adoption
Information provided via phone call with the CNA, 28 September 2020
i
From Jan-Sept 2020. 53 completed and 62 in process.
--
children
Inter-country Adoption
NO SOURCE GIVEN
i
Moratorium on intercountry adoption since 2008
NO DATA AVAIABLE
Effective
NO SOURCE GIVEN

Key Reform Indicators/Progress Markers

Country
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Effective
 
NO SOURCE GIVEN
% 6.9
Social Welfare Spending
Ministry of Finance
i
Government spend on social welfare is 6.9% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
% 3.48
Child Welfare Spending
Instituto Centroamericano de Estudios Fiscales
i
Government spend on child welfare is 3.48% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
% 0.08
Child Protection Spending
Child Fund. Guatemala: 10 años de inversión en niñez y adolescencia
i
Government spend on child protection is 0.08% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Alternative Care Policy in line with the 2009 Guidelines
 
No
NO SOURCE GIVEN
i
Como “política pública” no existe pero sí existen mecanismos legales aplicables, como la Ley de Adopciones y el Acuerdo de la SBS que crea el programa de Familias de Acogimiento Temporal.
Centralised authority on adoption
 
Yes
Consejo Nacional de Adopciones
Commitment to Deinstitutionalistion/Reforms
 
Partly
Consejo Nacional de Adopciones (CNA), 2018; Child Frontiers, 2012
i
1. Plan piloto de desinstitucionalización (DI) en Chimaltenago 2. Comisión Nacional de DI (Plan de DI OJ y PGN) 3. Buckner with DCOF funds had a deinstitutionalization (DI) project focused on children under three years of age. 4. Holt International had a DI program in 2008-10 with GHR funds.
Comprehensive child protection law
 
Yes
Ley de Protección Integral de la Niñez y Adolescencia, 2003
Continuum of alternative care services available
 
Partly
NO SOURCE GIVEN
i
Kinship care readily used but informally, foster care exists but very limited
Data System
 
Limited
NO SOURCE GIVEN
i
Each government body has some type of data collection system but nothing centralized. Changing the Way We Care (CTWWC) has done an internal report on this.
Existence of a regulatory body and regulatory system
 
Partly
NO SOURCE GIVEN
i
Does not exist; CNA has oversight and responsibility to register private residential care facilities. Four different government bodies have mandates for different roles and responsibilities of the child protection system: Judiciary, Attorney General, Secretariat for Social Welfare and National Adoption Council.
Gatekeeping mechanism/policy
 
Partly
Reglamento de la Procuraduría de Niñez y Adolescencia 56-2018
Means of tracking progress with reforms
 
Yes
Care System Assessment completed in 2020 and will be used as a baseline
i
Using the Care System Assessment to be finalized
Moratorium on admission into institutions for children under 3
 
No
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Moratorium on new institutions
 
No
NO SOURCE GIVEN
National Action Plan
 
No
NO SOURCE GIVEN
National Standards of Care
 
Limited
Standards for Residential Care, Consejo Nacional de Adopciones (CNA)
i
There are 15 standards in CNA
Prevention of Separation Services available
 
No
NO SOURCE GIVEN
i
Programa de Madres en Conflicto con su Maternidad del Consejo Nacional de Adopciones
Support for careleavers (in legislation and in practice)
 
No
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Legislation Governing Children's Care
 
Yes

Social Work Force

Key Stakeholders

Country
Government
Civil Society Organisations
Effective

Other Relevant Reforms

Other Relevant Reforms

Add New Data Data and Resources
Effective
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Child Protection
i
--
Iniciativa de Ley No. 52-85 Congreso de la República de Guatemala
Decentralisation
i
--
Iniciativa de Ley No. 52-85 Congreso de la República de Guatemala
Migration
i
--
Código de Migración, Decreto 44-2006
Social Protection
i
--
Iniciativa de Ley No. 52-85 Congreso de la República de Guatemala
--
Ley de Educacion Especial 59-2007

Key Research Sources

Country
Effective

Drivers of Institutionalisation

Drivers of Institutionaliziation

Add New Data Data and Resources
Country
Push Factors
Effective

Displaying 1 - 10 of 98

List of Organisations

Jon Tattrie - CBC News,

"A Nova Scotia man has launched a lawsuit against a U.S.-based organization that runs a Guatemalan orphanage where he says he and others were violently abused for years," says this article from CBC News.

Changing the Way We Care,

Este informe de Changing the Way We Care revisa las opciones existentes de cuidado familiar alternativo en Guatemala y ofrece recomendaciones para otras modalidades y prácticas.

Changing the Way We Care,

Este informe analiza los resultados del Estudio de Opinión sobre conocimientos, actitudes y prácticas sobre la separación familiar innecesaria, el cuidado residencial y el cuidado alternativo de niños, niñas y adolescentes realizado por CTWWC, con el objetivo de identificar oportunidades y amenazas para el cambio de paradigmas, respecto a la transición del cuidado residencial al cuidado familiar alternativo y tener un diagnóstico de las percepciones de los grupos objetivo.

Changing the Way We Care,

This report analyzes the results of the Opinion study on knowledge, attitudes and practices on family separation, residential care and alternative family care for children and adolescents in Guatemala, conducted by Changing the Way We Care (CTWWC) to identify opportunities for and threats to paradigm shifts regarding the transition from residential care to alternative family-based care and to diagnose the target groups’ perceptions. 

Family for Every Child,

Family for Every Child, as part of its How We Care initiative, has developed a series on Psychosocial support for children and families during COVID-19, which highlights different approaches taken by three of its member organizations to providing essential psychosocial support to vulnerable children and families within the context of the pandemic.

Family for Every Child,

This How We Care series explores how Family for Every Child's Members are providing essential psychosocial support to vulnerable children and families within the context of the pandemic.

Changing the Way We Care,

Este documento presenta recomendaciones para garantizar que los procedimientos del mecanismo de prevención de la institucionalización continúen siendo efectivos o, en algunos casos, se fortalezcan durante la pandemia de la COVID-19.

Changing the Way We Care,

Esta guía debe considerarse para: niños, niñas y adolescentes que actualmente viven en un entorno de protección residencial, lo cual incluye a aquellos que han sido colocados antes y después del inicio de la pandemia de COVID-19.

Changing the Way We Care,

Esta guía debe considerarse para los niños, niñas y adolescentes que viven con su familia que puede estar en una situación de vulnerabilidad o estar en riesgo de separación y también los niños, niñas o adolescentes que se han reunificado recientemente con sus familias, incluidos aquellos(as) que salieron rápidamente del cuidado residencial debido a la pandemia de la COVID-19.

Changing the Way We Care,

Este documento presenta el proceso, los resultados y las lecciones aprendidas durante la implementación de una iniciativa en Guatemala que instale buenas prácticas para la prevención de la separación familiar innecesaria y el fortalecimiento de las familias a través de las búsqueda y acercamiento de servicios sociales primarios y especializados.