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Guatemala

Demographic Data

Demographic Data

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48
GINI Coefficient
World Bank, 2014
16.35 million
Total Population
Census, 2018
40.19%
Population Under 18
 
Census, 2018
upper middle income country
World Bank GNI Status
World Bank, 2019
1
Medium Human Development
Human Development Index
UNDP, 2019
59.3%
Living Below Poverty Line
 
Instituto Nacional de Estadística - Guatemala, 2014
5
People
Mean Household Size
Census, 2018
25.1%
Prevalence of Female-Headed Households
 
DHS 2014-2015

Children's Living Arrangement

Children's Living Arrangements

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%
Country
 
NO SOURCE GIVEN
65.2%
Living with Both Parents
 
DHS 2014-2015
27.3%
Living with One Parent
 
DHS 2014-2015
7%
Living with Neither Parent
 
NO SOURCE GIVEN
%
Effective
 
NO SOURCE GIVEN

Children Living without Biological Parent

Children Living Without Biological Parents

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77%
Both Parents Alive
 
BCN Analysis of 2014-2105 DHS Data
19%
One Parent Dead
 
BCN Analysis of 2014-2105 DHS Data
4%
Both Parents Dead
 
BCN Analysis of 2014-2105 DHS Data

Children at Risk of Separation

Children at Risk of Separation

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54.8%
Children living below poverty line
 
Pobreza Multidimensional infantil y adolescente en Guatemala: PRIVACIONES A SUPERAR. 2016, ICEFI y UNICEF
5.3%
Children with Disabilities
 
ENDIS 2016
i
age 2-17
Left Behind Children (Migration)
30,329
children
CIPRODENI, 2019
i
NNA aprehendidos en la frontera sur de EEUU: 30,329 NNA Guatemaltecos retornados: 20,028
Ethnic Minority children
3.01 million
children
Census, 2018
i
Mayan 2,866,111 (age 0-18 / 2018) Garífuna 7, 280 (age 0-18 / 2018) Xinka 123,387 (age 0-18 / 2018) Afromestizo 12,321 (age 0-18 / 2018)
Children affected by HIV
35
children
Informe epidemiológico de VIH del MSPAS 2017
i
age 0-19
Children in conflict with the law
1,131
children
Cuaderno de Debate: Adolescentes en Conflicto con la Ley Penal desde la justicia restaurativa, FLACSO, 2017
i
aged 13-18

Formal Alternative Care Arrangements

Formal Alternative Care Arrangements

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0 Families/Parents
0 Children
NO SOURCE GIVEN
0 Families/Parents
0 Children
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Total Family-Based Alternative Care
- - Families/Parents
- - Children
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Foster Care
150 Foster Families/Foster Parents
63 Children
i
150 approved foster families, 63 children approved and placed in 47 families
Information provided via phone call with the Foster Care Program of the SBS, 14 April 2020
Formal Kinship Care
- - Families/Parents
- - Children
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Total Residential Care
- - Settings
- - Children
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Larger Institutions
146 Settings
3,863 Children
i
146 (124 private and 22 public facilitiies) and 4,215 children
National Census of Residential Care Facilities, 2019
Transit Centres/Shelters
1 Settings
- - Children
Secretaría de Bienestar Social de la Presidencia
Transit Centres/Shelters
0 Settings
0 Children
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Lancet Global Study Estimate of Children Living in Institutional Care
10,939 Children
i
Lower Bound: 10811.43 Upper Bound: 11065.58
Desmond, et al, 2020

Adoption

NO DATA AVAIABLE
Country
NO SOURCE GIVEN
115
children
Domestic Adoption
Information provided via phone call with the CNA, 28 September 2020
i
From Jan-Sept 2020. 53 completed and 62 in process.
0
children
Inter-country Adoption
NO SOURCE GIVEN
i
Moratorium on intercountry adoption since 2008
NO DATA AVAIABLE
Effective
NO SOURCE GIVEN

Key Reform Indicators/Progress Markers

Progress Indicators

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Country
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Effective
 
NO SOURCE GIVEN
% GDP 7
Social Welfare Spending
Ministry of Finance
i
Government spend on social welfare is 6.9% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
% GDP 3
Child Welfare Spending
Instituto Centroamericano de Estudios Fiscales
i
Government spend on child welfare is 3.48% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
% 0
Child Protection Spending
Child Fund. Guatemala: 10 años de inversión en niñez y adolescencia
i
Government spend on child protection is 0.08% of Gross Domestic Product (GDP)
Alternative Care Policy in Line with the 2009 Guidelines
 
No
NO SOURCE GIVEN
i
As a “public policy” it does not exist but there are applicable legal mechanisms, such as the Adoption Law and the SBS Agreement that includes the Foster Family program. // Como “política pública” no existe pero sí existen mecanismos legales aplicables, como la Ley de Adopciones y el Acuerdo de la SBS que crea el programa de Familias de Acogimiento Temporal.
Centralised Authority on Adoption
 
Yes
Consejo Nacional de Adopciones
Commitment to Deinstitutionalistion
 
Partly
Consejo Nacional de Adopciones (CNA), 2018; Child Frontiers, 2012
i
1. Pilot plan for deinstitutionalization in Chimaltenago // Plan piloto de desinstitucionalización (DI) en Chimaltenago 2. National Commission of Deinstitutionalization // Comisión Nacional de DI (Plan de DI OJ y PGN) 3. Buckner, with DCOF funds, had a deinstitutionalization (DI) project focused on children under three years of age. 4. Holt International had a DI program in 2008-10 with GHR funds.
Comprehensive Child Protection Law
 
Yes
Ley de Protección Integral de la Niñez y Adolescencia, 2003
Continuum of Alternative Care Services Available
 
Partly
NO SOURCE GIVEN
i
Kinship care readily used but informally, foster care exists but very limited
Data System
 
Limited
NO SOURCE GIVEN
i
Each government body has some type of data collection system but nothing centralized. Changing the Way We Care (CTWWC) has done an internal report on this.
Existence of a Regulatory Body and Regulatory System
 
Partly
NO SOURCE GIVEN
i
CNA has oversight and responsibility to register private residential care facilities. Four different government bodies have mandates for different roles and responsibilities of the child protection system: Judiciary, Attorney General, Secretariat for Social Welfare and National Adoption Council.
Gatekeeping Mechanism/Policy
 
Partly
Reglamento de la Procuraduría de Niñez y Adolescencia 56-2018
Means of Tracking Progress with Reforms
 
Yes
Care System Assessment completed in 2020 and will be used as a baseline
i
Using the Care System Assessment, to be finalized
Moratorium on Admission into Institutions for Children Under 3
 
No
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Moratorium on New Institutions
 
No
NO SOURCE GIVEN
National Action Plan to Guide Reforms
 
No
NO SOURCE GIVEN
National Standards of Care
 
Limited
Standards for Residential Care, Consejo Nacional de Adopciones (CNA)
i
There are 15 standards in CNA
Prevention of Separation Services Available
 
No
NO SOURCE GIVEN
i
Programa de Madres en Conflicto con su Maternidad del Consejo Nacional de Adopciones
Support for Careleavers (in Legislation and in Practice)
 
No
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Legislation Governing Children's Care
 
Yes
Ley de Protección Integral de la Niñez y Adolescencia, Decreto 27-2003; Ley de Adopciones 77-2007

Key Stakeholders

Key Stakeholders

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Country
Government
Civil Society Organisations
Effective

Other Relevant Reforms

Other Relevant Reforms

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Effective
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Child Protection
i
--
Iniciativa de Ley No. 52-85 Congreso de la República de Guatemala
Decentralisation
i
--
Iniciativa de Ley No. 52-85 Congreso de la República de Guatemala
Migration
i
--
Código de Migración, Decreto 44-2006
Social Protection
i
--
Iniciativa de Ley No. 52-85 Congreso de la República de Guatemala
Education
Ley de Educacion Especial 59-2007

Key Research Sources

Key Data Sources

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Country
Effective

Drivers of Institutionalisation

Drivers of Institutionaliziation

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Push Factors
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Displaying 1 - 10 of 103

List of Organisations

Brent McDonald, Caroline Kim, Miguel Tovar and Luisa Conlon - The New York Times,

"This story, split between Guatemala and Florida, offers a firsthand look at the continuing trauma of the Trump administration’s 'zero tolerance' separation policy," says the New York Times.

Transforming Children's Care Global Collaborative Platform,

Este seminario web es el segundo de una serie de la Plataforma de colaboración global Transforming Children's Care. En el seminario web, Philip Goldman de Maestral International presentó una nueva guía sobre gasto público y cuidado de los niños producida por Changing the Way We Care, que está diseñada para fortalecer la capacidad de las agencias gubernamentales en países de bajos recursos para preparar un marco presupuestario sólido.

Transforming Children's Care Global Collaborative Platform,

This webinar is the second in a series for the Transforming Children's Care Global Collaborative Platform. In the webinar, Philip Goldman from Maestral International presented new guidance on Public Expenditure and Children’s Care produced by Changing the Way We Care, which is designed to strengthen the capacity of government agencies in low resource settings to prepare a sound budgetary framework.

UNICEF,

This edition of Humanitarian Action for Children – UNICEF’s annual humanitarian fundraising appeal – describes the ongoing crises affecting children on the move and COVID-19 in Mexico and Central America (including unaccompanied and separated children); the strategies that UNICEF is using to respond to these situations; and the donor support that is essential in this response.

Jon Tattrie - CBC News,

"A Nova Scotia man has launched a lawsuit against a U.S.-based organization that runs a Guatemalan orphanage where he says he and others were violently abused for years," says this article from CBC News.

Changing the Way We Care,

Este informe de Changing the Way We Care revisa las opciones existentes de cuidado familiar alternativo en Guatemala y ofrece recomendaciones para otras modalidades y prácticas.

Family for Every Child,

In this first event of Family for Every Child's How We Care series, Family Members CINDI (South Africa), Conacmi (Guatemala) and Uyisenga Ni Imanzi (Rwanda) shared their approaches and experiences of providing psychosocial support to children and families during the COVID-19 crisis.

Changing the Way We Care,

Este documento profundiza en la investigación de la inversión pública en aquellos programas o actividades en Guatemala que tienen como beneficiario final la niñez y adolescencia, separado de sus progenitores y que crece bajo el abrigo de una institución o de una familia extendida o sustituta.

Family for Every Child,

Family for Every Child, as part of its How We Care initiative, has developed a series on Psychosocial support for children and families during COVID-19, which highlights different approaches taken by three of its member organizations to providing essential psychosocial support to vulnerable children and families within the context of the pandemic.

Family for Every Child,

This How We Care series explores how Family for Every Child's Members are providing essential psychosocial support to vulnerable children and families within the context of the pandemic.