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Moldova

Demographic Data

Demographic Data

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25.7
GINI Coefficient
World Bank, 2018
2.71 million
Total Population
World Bank, 2018
24.74%
Population Under 18
 
Census Data, 2019
Lower Middle Income Country
World Bank GNI Status
World Bank, 2019
0.71
High Human Development
Human Development Index
UNDP Human Development Report, 2018
9.6%
Living Below Poverty Line
 
World Bank, 2018
2.8
People
Mean Household Size
United Nations, 2017

Children's Living Arrangement

Children's Living Arrangements

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%
Country
 
NO SOURCE GIVEN
63.1%
Living with Both Parents
 
UNICEF MICS, 2012
6.11%
Living with Neither Parent
 
Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection, 2020
%
Effective
 
NO SOURCE GIVEN

Children Living without Biological Parent

Children Living Without Biological Parents

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0.09%
Living in a Non-Relative Household
 
Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection, 2019
0.37%
Living in Kinship Care
 
Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection, 2019

Children at Risk of Separation

Children at Risk of Separation

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Children with Disabilities
238
Children
Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection, 2019
Left Behind Children (Migration)
36817
Children
Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection, 2019
Street Connected Children
94
Children
Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection, 2019
Children experiencing violence
10094
Children
Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection, 2019
Children in conflict with the law
1215
Children
Banca de date statistice Moldova, 2019
Children in Informal Kinship Care
33718
Children
Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection, 2019
Children whose parents (the only parent) are subject to judicial protection
43
Children
Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection, 2019

Formal Alternative Care Arrangements

Formal Alternative Care Arrangements

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Families/Parent
Children
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Families/Parent
Children
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Formal Family-Based Care
0 Families/Parent
0 Children
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Foster Care
0 Foster Families/Foster Parents
1035 Children
Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection, 2019
Kinship Care
0 Families/Parent
2474 Children
Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection, 2019
0 Families/Parent
0 Children
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Larger institutions
0 Families/Parents
346 Children
Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection, 2019
Small Group Homes
0 Families/Parents
57 Children
Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection, 2019
Transit Centres/Shelters (Temporary Placement Centers)
0 Families/Parents
558 Children
Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection, 2019

Adoption

NO DATA AVAIABLE
Country
NO SOURCE GIVEN
649
children
Domestic Adoption
Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection, 2018
i
Date range: 2012-2018. The total number of adopted children in evidence in 2019 - 1549
67
children
Inter-country Adoption
Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection, 2018
i
Date range: 2012-2019.
NO DATA AVAIABLE
Effective
NO SOURCE GIVEN

Key Reform Indicators/Progress Markers

Progress Indicators

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Country
 
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Effective
 
NO SOURCE GIVEN
NO DATA AVAILABLE
Social Welfare Spending
NO SOURCE GIVEN
MDL 2.44 billion
Child Protection Spending
BUGETUL REPUBLICII MOLDOVA, 2020
i
*Child and Family Protection spending Child and Family Protection spending is approx. 3,22% of the expected National public expenditure budgeted for 2020. This mostly covers state insurance allowances for families with newborns, and childcare leave till the age of three. However, this amount also covers expenditures for childcare services allowances for children in alternative care.
Alternative Care Policy in Line with the 2009 Guidelines
 
Yes
Action Plan for 2016-2020 on the implementation of the Strategy for Child Protection for 2014-2020; MEASURE Evaluation, 2018; LEGE Nr. 140 privind protecţia specială a copiilor aflaţi în situaţie de risc şi a copiilor separaţi de părinţi
Centralised Authority on Adoption
 
Yes
LEGE Nr. 99 privind regimul juridic al adopţiei
Commitment to Deinstitutionalistion
 
Yes
Action Plan for 2016-2020 on the implementation of the Strategy for Child Protection for 2014-2020
Comprehensive Child Protection Law
 
Yes
LEGE Nr. 140 privind protecţia specială a copiilor aflaţi în situaţie de risc şi a copiilor separaţi de părinţi
Continuum of Alternative Care Services Available
 
Limited
NO SOURCE GIVEN
i
Note: Even though most needed alternative care services are relegated, they are not available to all children who need them. Communication between child protection authorities should be substantially improved, case management, M&E system should also be improved. It is not always possible to track the child's journey through the childcare system.
Data System
 
Mostly
NO SOURCE GIVEN
i
There is no integrated informational system on child protection, but the data is collected by the central government via Excel charts or printed tools on the yearly basis. However, with USAID support, the project aimed to develop an Integrated Information System on Child Protection is under implementation. The system will focus on collecting longitudinal data related to childcare and child protection case management.
Existence of a Regulatory Body and Regulatory System
 
Yes
LEGE Nr. 140 privind protecţia specială a copiilor aflaţi în situaţie de risc şi a copiilor separaţi de părinţi; LEGE Nr. 547 asistenţei sociale; LEGE Nr. 123 cu privire la serviciile sociale
Gatekeeping Mechanism/Policy
 
Yes
Action Plan for 2016-2020 on the implementation of the Strategy for Child Protection for 2014-2020; Action Plan for 2016-2020 on the implementation of the Strategy for Child Protection for 2014-2020;
Means of Tracking Progress with Reforms
 
No
NO SOURCE GIVEN
i
There was no systematic tracking of progress. However, the Government/Line Ministries are supplying fragmentary information on the situation in the area of childcare and child protection .
Moratorium on Admission into Institutions for Children Under 3
 
No
NO SOURCE GIVEN
i
However, one of the sub-objectives of the child protection Strategy (2014-2020) is to "significantly decrease the number of children under 3 placed in the Residential Institutions"
Moratorium on New Institutions
 
No
NO SOURCE GIVEN
i
There is no formal government document, prohibiting the opening of new Residential Institutions (RIs), however there were no new big RIs opened in the last five years, except for several small group homes.
National Action Plan to Guide Reforms
 
Yes
Action Plan for 2016-2020 on the implementation of the Strategy for Child Protection for 2014-2020
National Standards of Care
 
Yes
NO SOURCE GIVEN
i
Almost all childcare and childprotection services have Regulations and Minimum Quality Standards, approved by the Government. National Accreditation System of Social Service Providers is in place, as well as Social Inspection.
Prevention of Separation Services Available
 
Yes
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Support for Careleavers (in Legislation and in Practice)
 
Partly
Decizia nr. 3/4 din 18 iunie 2018 ”Cu privire la înființarea Serviciului social ”Locuință socială asistată”; Decizia nr. 3/3 din 18 iunie 2018 ”Cu privire la înființarea Serviciului ”Centrul de resurse și suport pentru copii și tineri”
i
Note: However, the support is not enough and efforts are made by the government and CSOs to develop and make accessible more support services for care leavers (e.g. Social Assitsed Living, Social and Professional Integration Centers, involvement/participation in the decision-making process)

Social Work Force

Social Work Force

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Workers
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Country
388.32
Workers
Ministry of Health, Labour and Social Protection, 2018
No. of government social service workers with child protection responsibilities (per 100,000 children)
Workers
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Effective
A national workforce assessment and analysis carried out within the past four years
 
Yes
Source: Assessing Alternative Care for Children in Moldova: Assessment Report (Volume 1)
i
Comprehensive analysis of workforce in Social Protection, realized in 2016
A system of licensing/registration of social service professionals
 
Yes
HOTĂRÎRE Nr. 998 pentru aprobarea Regulamentului privind organizarea şi funcţionarea Consiliului naţional de acreditare a prestatorilor de servicii sociale, a structurii şi efectivului-limită ale acestuia

Other Relevant Reforms

Other Relevant Reforms

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Effective
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Child Protection
i
Initiatives are in place to improve the situation of children with disabilities, children in conflict with law and children in street situations. New Program for Child Protection and costed Action Plan are to be elaborated for 2021-2030.
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Decentralisation
i
The reform on decentralisation of Local Public Administration and Local Public Finances is in progress but there are substantial issues related to financing of social services for children as a mandatory obligation of Local Public Authorities, similarly to school education sector financing.
NO SOURCE GIVEN
Social Protection
i
Efforts are made to consolidate the authority of National Council for Accreditation of Social Service Providers and Social Inspection. Social support benefits for vulnerable persons are regularly revised and increased as well as the amounts of allowances for families with children at risk and without parental care.
NO SOURCE GIVEN
--
NO SOURCE GIVEN
i
New Program for the development of inclusive education is to be elaborated for 2021-2030

Key Research Sources

Key Data Sources

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Country
Effective

Drivers of Institutionalisation

Drivers of Institutionaliziation

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Country
Push Factors
Pull Factors
Effective

Displaying 1 - 10 of 88

List of Organisations

UNICEF Moldova,

UNICEF Moldova is seeking a consultant to conduct a review of laws and regulations related to guardianship, tutorship, legal representation and legal responsibility in the Republic of Moldova and to develop a Regulation on tutorship and guardianship of the child and, if relevant, propose updates to other relevant regulatory documents.

Keystone Human Services, Inclusion International, SPOON, International Social Service - Burkina Faso, Shonaquip - South Africa, Ministry of Labour & Social Affairs - Vietnam, Auto-reprezentanți - Moldova, International Disability Alliance,

By drawing on the experiences of parents, advocates, NGOs, and public officials, this side event invited discussion on how, through strengthening families and tools for prevention, societies can reduce the number of children being institutionalized. During the event, a panel of experts from the Republic of Moldova, South Africa, Burkina Faso, Vietnam, and the United States explored their experiences around efforts to empower parents and keep children with disabilities with their families.

Keystone Human Services, Inclusion International, SPOON, International Social Service - Burkina Faso, Shonaquip - South Africa, Ministry of Labour & Social Affairs - Vietnam, Auto-reprezentanți - Moldova, International Disability Alliance,

By drawing on the experiences of parents, advocates, NGOs, and public officials, this side event will invite discussion on how through strengthening families and tools for prevention, societies can reduce the number of children being institutionalized.

Changing the Way We Care,

Changing the Way We Care (CTWWC) is seeking a consultant to prepare a framework, strategy and resources around collective impact to help inform and guide its new initiative in Moldova, the CTWWC Chief of Party (COP) in Moldova, and the implementing partners.

CONCORDIA Social Projects,

CONCORDIA Social Projects is seeking an external evaluator to conduct the final evaluation of the "YES - Youth Empowerment for Sustainable development" project. 

UNICEF Moldova,

Under the Supervision of the Child Protection Specialist, the Child Protection Officer supports the development and preparation of the Child Protection programme(s) and is responsible for the management, implementation, monitoring, reporting, and evaluation of the child protection programmes/projects within the country programme.

Data for Impact,

The overall goal of “Harnessing the Power of Data for the Benefit of the Child” activity—implemented by D4I in the Republic of Moldova—is to strengthen the capacity of the government and its partners at national and subnational levels to collect, analyze, and use data to generate a positive impact on children in adversity.

HBO Films,

The Finding the Way Home documentary highlights the painful realities of the eight million children living in orphanages and other institutions around the world, telling the stories of six children in Brazil, Bulgaria, Haiti, Nepal, India and Moldova who have found their way into the care of loving families after spending periods of their lives in an institution.

Child Protection Hub,

Join this webinar to walk through the PROMISE Child Participation Tool and to discuss approaches and considerations for soliciting children’s views on their Barnahus experience.

UNICEF and Child Protection Hub,

The purpose of this webinar is to shed light on the specific experiences and issues of unaccompanied and separate girls in the European Response.